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Afghanistan

 

Contents

Flag

Historical Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Aircraft Roundel

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flag

Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan
since 15.Aug.2021,
National flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source: Own work based on: the flag raised at a 17 August 2021 Taliban press conference, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons



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Historical Flags

Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Habib Ullah
1880–1901,
Emirate of Afghanistan,
National flag,
ratio = 3:5,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Habib Ullah
1901–1919,
Emirate of Afghanistan,
National flag,
ratio = 3:5,
Source, by: www.afghan-network.net, Wikipedia (D), QWerk. [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons





Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Aman Ullah
1919–1921,
Emirate of Afghanistan,
National flag,
ratio = 3:5,
Source, by: www.afghan-network.net, Wikipedia (D), Flanker. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Nadir Schah
1929–1931,
Kingdom of Afghanistan,
National flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: www.afghan-network.net, Wikipedia (D)




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Sahir Schah
1931–1974,
Kingdom of Afghanistan,
National flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: www.afghan-network.net, Derivative work by Orange Tuesday at en.wikipedia based on OpenClipart file is by Andrew Dunhan [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Shah Schah
1928–1973,
Flag of the Shah (front),
ratio = 3:5,
Source, by: Das Flaggenbuch




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Shah Schah
1928–1973,
Flag of the Shah (reverse),
ratio = 3:5,
Source, by: Das Flaggenbuch




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Daud Khan
1974–1978,
Republic of Afghanistan,
National flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: www.afghan-network.net, Wikipedia (D), Orange Tuesday (talk) at en.wikipedia. [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Taraki
1978–1980,
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan,
National flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: www.afghan-network.net, Wikipedia (D), Orange Tuesday [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Amin Karmal
1980–1987,
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan,
National flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: www.afghan-network.net, Corel Draw 4, Wikipedia (D)




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Najibullah
1987–1992,
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan,
National flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: www.afghan-network.net, Wikipedia (D), Orange Tuesday. [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Rabbani
1992,
National flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: www.afghan-network.net




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Islamischer Staat Afghanistan
1992–2002,
Islamic State of Afghanistan, National flag,
Flag of the Northern Alliance,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of all Nations, User:Saul ip [GFDL or CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Islamisches Emirat Afghanistan
1996–2001,
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, National flag,
Flag of Taliban Militia,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Frank Grübe




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Karsai
28.Jan.2002 – 05.Feb.2002,
Republic of Afghanistan,
National flag,
ratio = 1:2




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Karsai
05.Feb.2002 – 04.Jan.2004,
Republic of Afghanistan,
National flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: National flagn der Welt, Antemister, arms created by Dbenbenn [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan Karsai
04.Jan.2004–19.Aug.2013,
Republic of Afghanistan,
National flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D), Bahij Virtual Academy [CC BY-SA 4.0], from Wikimedia Commons




Flagge Fahne flag National flag Afghanistan
19.Aug.2013–15.Aug.2021,
National flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D), Bahij Virtual Academy [CC BY-SA 4.0], from Wikimedia Commons



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The today's flag of Afghanistan was introduced on 15th of August in 2021 after the Taliban militia regained power in Afghanistan. It is solid white and shows the Shahada, the Islamic creed, in black Arabic script. It leans consciously on the flag of Saudi Arabia, because the ideology of the Taliban goes back to Wahabi Islam in Saudi Arabia. The to 15th of August in 2021 used flag of Afghanistan was introduced on 19th of August in 2013 and showed three vertical stripes, black, red and green, with the coat of arms of the state in the centre. The flag correlated nearly with the model which was valid until 1974 in the Kingdom of Afghanistan. At the top of the coat of arms only the chessada (Islamic creed) was added.

Meaning of the former colors: black stands for the dark past, red symbolizes the in the fights for freedom given blood, and green stands for the Islam. Just as is possible a pure islamic interpretation of the colors: Red is the colour of Omar, the second calif; green stands for the Fatimides, an Ismailitic-shiite calif-dynasty, which goes back to the fourth Calif Ali; and black stands for the Abbasides, a calif-dynasty, which goes back to the Calif Abbas I. Already during the times of the kingdom, 1929-1974, the black-red-green stripes of the flag had been arranged vertically. With the assumption of power by Mohammed Daud Khan, and on the occasion of the formation of the presidial republic they were arranged horizontally. After a communist coup, lead by M. N. Taraki, a red single coloured communist flag was introduced between 1978 and 1980,. After an uprising and internal struggles for the power, B. Karmal took control, Soviet troops marched in, and a horizontally striped flagt was introduced, which contained a coat of arms with the historical elements, completed by a red star and an opened Koran. With the change of regime from B. Karmal to Dr. M. Najibullah in 1987 the coat of arms was also changed. The star and the Koran were removed. After the takeover by the Mudjaheddin in 1992, they decided on new national colours, namely green, white and black. The colour white stood for the future. In the religious-Islamic sense white stands for the Omajiades, a calif-dynasty, which goes back to the fifth calif, Moawija 1st.

Source: Flags of the World, Wikipedia (D), World Statesmen, Die Welt der Flaggen, Flaggen Wappen Hymnen
Translator of the English text: Joachim Nuthack

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Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Afghanistan
since 15.Aug.2021,
Coat of arms of Afghanistan,
Source: Falerístico, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons


Wappen coat of arms Afghanistan
2004–2021,
Coat of arms of Afghanistan,
Source, by: Bahij Virtual Academy [CC BY-SA 4.0], from Wikimedia Commons

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The today's coat of arms of Afghanistan was introduced on 15th of August in 2021 after the Taliban militia regained power in Afghanistan. It shows in the colors black and white a wreath of ears between two crossed swords and in the middle a rising sun, an open Koran, a sermon pulpit, the name of the state, the year the state was founded and the Shahada, the Islamic creed, all in Arabic script. The to 15th of August in 2021 used coat of arms of Afghanistan showed, also before and for many years, an open mosque with prayer-niche and sermon pulpit, and on the outside of each side of the mosque stands, obliquely placed, a flag. The mosque was encircled by a bound wreath of grain ears, and since 1996, by the Shakhada as well.

Source: National flagn der Welt, Volker Preuß

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Aircraft Roundel


Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel Afghanistan
1924-1928,
Aircraft Roundel,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)


Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel Afghanistan
1929–1965,
Aircraft Roundel,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)


Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel Afghanistan
1965-1978,
Aircraft Roundel,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)


Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel Afghanistan
1979–1983,
Aircraft Roundel,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)


Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel Afghanistan
1983–1992,
Aircraft Roundel,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)


Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel Afghanistan
1992-2002,
Aircraft Roundel,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)


Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel Afghanistan
2002–2021,
Aircraft Roundel,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)

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Map

Location:

Source: CIA World Factbook

Map of the country:

Source: CIA World Factbook

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 252.071 square miles

Inhabitants: 34.941.000 (2018), thereof 40% Pashtuns, 27% Tadjiks, 9% Uzbeks, 9% Hazara

Religions: 99% Muslim (80% Sunni, 20% Shia)

Density of Population: 139 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: Kabul, 4.273.150 inh. (2020)

official Language: Pashtu, Dari (New Persian)

other Languages: Tadjik, Uzbek

Currency: 1 Afghani (Af, AFN) = 100 Puls

Time Zone: GMT + 4,5 h

Source: Wikipedia (D), World Statesmen

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History

500/600 B.C. · Baktrian Empire

630 B.C. · Persian conquest

330 B.C. · Greek conquest

323 B.C. · to the empire of the Seleucides

3rd cent. · to the Persian empire of Sassanides

664 · Arabian conquest

977–1186 · empire of Ghaznavides

13th/14th cent. · Mongol invasion

16th cent. · to the Persian Empire of the Safavides

1747 · establishment of Afghanistan

1838–1842 · war against Great Britain

1878–1880 · war against Great Britain

1907 · British half-colony

9th of August 1919 · independence

1973 · fall of the monarchy

1979–1989 · occupied by troops of the Soviet Union

2001 · onset of the US-american occupation

2021 · end of the US-american occupation, seizure of power by the Taliban militia

Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, Wikipedia (D), World Statesmen

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Origin of the Country's Name

"Afghanistan" literally means "Land of the Afghans". "Afghans" is the historical Persian name for the people of the Pashtuns, first mentioned in 1801, officially introduced in 1919. The Pashtuns with 60% are the majority within the population.

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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