mobile View, to the German Version tap the flag

 

Belgium

 

Contents

Flags

Historical Flags

• Regional Flags:
Flanders
Wallonia
German-speaking Community
Belgian Provinces

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Aircraft Roundel

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique National flag national flag
National flag,
ratio = 13:15,
Source, by: Flaggen und Wappen der Welt


Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique Merchant flag merchant flag
Merchant flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique Merchant flag Reserveoffiziere der Marine merchant flag naval reserve officers
Merchant flag for naval reserve officers,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique Naval flag naval flag ensign
Naval flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique Naval flag naval flag ensign
Masthead pennant,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique Naval jack naval jack
Naval jack,
ratio = 1:1,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique Regierungsschiffe Hilfsschiffe governmental and auxiliary ships
Flag for governmental and auxiliary ships,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flaggen und Wappen, Foto




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique Jachtflagge yacht flag ensign
Yacht flag offshore,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique Lotsenflagge pilot's flag
Pilot's flag, sign for pilot's vessels,
Source, by: Flags of the World, Foto




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique Lotsenfahrzeug pilot's vessel
Flag of the King,
ratio = 1:1,
Source, by: Flags of the World, www.hln.be/royalty



hoch/up


Historical Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique National flag national flag
1384–1477,
Flag under the Burgundians,
Source, by: Wikipedia (FR)




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique National flag national flag
1555–1786,
Flag under the Habsburgs,
Source, by: Flags of the World, Flaggen und Wappen der Welt




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique National flag national flag
1786–1795,
Belgium belongs to Austria,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Frankreich France National flag national flag
1795–1815,
Belgium belongs to France,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique National flag national flag
16th of March in 1815 to 4th of October in 1830
Belgium belongs to the United Netherlands




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique National flag national flag
4th of October in 1830 to 23rd of January in 1831,
First Belgian national flag,
Source, by: Flaggen und Wappen der Welt




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique National flag national flag
23rd of January in 1831 to 12th of October in 1831,
Second Belgian national flag,
Source, by: Flaggen und Wappen der Welt




Flagge Fahne flag Belgien Belgium België Belgique Lotsenflagge pilot flag Pilot Call flag
pilot flag (Pilot Call flag),
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World, FOTW
This type of flag was abolished in the 20th century, today is:
Flagge HPilot on board
Flagge HCall for Pilot

hoch/up





Meaning/Origin of the Flag

In the region of today's Belgium, which since the 14. century belonged to the Duchy Burgundy (since 1383 Flanders, since 1436 Hennegau and Brabant, since 1477 Liège and Luxembourg) the red, branched, burgundian diagonal-cross on white flags was shown. After these territories came to the Spanish Habsburgs (Spanish Netherlands) in 1555 flags were used, which combined the Habsburg-colours (red and white) with the Spanish colours (red and yellow) into one, with the colours red, white and yellow horizontally-striped flag. Occasionally the burgundian cross appeared in the white centre stripe. This flag was retained during the times when today's Belgium came to the Austrian Habsburgs. Emperor Josef II. forbade the usage of this flag on the 9th of March, 1786. The red-white-red Austrian flag was the only one to be used. In protest, the people decorated their caps with red-yellow-black cockades, the colors of Brabant. In 1795 Belgium came to France, and in 1815 it became an element of the United Netherlands (Netherlands + Belgium). During the rebellion against the Dutch government in 1830 the French Tricolor was in use as a symbol of freedom, particularly by adherents of France. The editors of a Brussels newspaper, Edouard Ducpétiaux and Lucien Jottrand, and Alexandre Van Hulst a civil servant of the war department favored a flag with three horizontal stripes in red, gold and black, which finally, during the battles in September 1830, won out. The provisional Belgian government recognized it as state symbol, and hoisted it up at the declaration of autonomy on the 4th of October, 1830. Since the 23rd of January in 1831 the stripes of the flag were arranged vertically still in the sequence of red, gold and black. After the election of Leopold I. of Saxony-Coburg-Gotha as King of Belgium, however, since the 12th of October, 1831 the stripes of the flag are arranged in today's sequence, black-gold-red. Allegedly the colours were chosen to point to Princess Auguste of Reuss-Ebersdorf, the mother of King Leopold I., because the colours black, red and gold are the colours of the Principalities of Reuß since 1820.

Source: Die Welt der Flaggen, Flaggen und Wappen der Welt

hoch/up


Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Belgien Belgium België Belgique
Coat of arms of Belgium,
Source: Corel Draw 4

hoch/up


Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of the state was introduced in 1830. A small and large coat of arms is in use. In the black shield it shows the Golden Lion of Brabant with red claws. The shield carries the royal crown, beneath the shield a red banner with the french motto: "L'Union fait la force" and in Dutch "Eendracht maakt macht" => "Unity makes strong". Behind the shield two crossed scepters, which represent the King as sovereign (lion scepter) and the Supreme Judge (oath-hand scepter). The shield adorns a Chain-of-Office with the Great Cross of the Leopold-Order.

Source: Die Welt der Flaggen, Flaggen und Wappen der Welt

hoch/up


Aircraft Roundel


Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel kockade Belgien Belgium België Belgique
Aircraft Roundel,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)

hoch/up


Map

Location:

Source: CIA World Factbook

Map of the country:

Source: CIA World Factbook

hoch/up


Numbers and Facts

Area: 11.849 square miles

Inhabitants: 11.431.400 (2019), thereof 59% Flemings, 39% Walloons, 1% Germans, 1% Moroccans, Italians aso.

Religions: 50% Roman Catholic, 5% Muslim, 2% Protestant and other Christian, 32% Non-religious

Density of Population: 965 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: Brussels (Brüssel, Bruxelles, Brussel), 181.726 inh. (2019)

official Language: Flemish, French, German

Currency: 1 Euro (EUR, €) = 100 Cents

Time Zone: GMT + 1 h

Source: Wikipedia (D), CIA World Factbook

hoch/up


History

58–51 B.C. · Roman conquest

3rd century A.D. · settlement by Franks and Frisians

481–843 · to the Frankonian Empire

880 · Treaty of Verdun and Ribbemont, by the division of the Frankish Empire comes West-Flanders to the West Frankish kingdom (France) and East-Flanders to the East Franconian Empire (German Empire)

12th to 14th cent. · as small states within the German Empire

1383 · Flanders becomes a Burgund possession

1436 · Hennegau (Hainaut) und Brabant become Burgund possession

1477 · Lüttich (Liège) und Luxemburg become Burgund possession

1555 · the House of Habsburg inherits Burgundy

1714 · the Habsburg possessions come to the Austrian lineage of the House of Habsburg

1795 · French revolutionary troops conquer today’s Belgium, Belgium becomes annexed by France

1815 · Vienna Congress, Belgium becomes a component of the United Netherlands (Netherlands and Belgium)

1830 · independence as Kingdom of Belgium

1885 · purchase of the Congo Colony

1898 · "Equality Act", Belgium is officially a bilingual country

1914–1918 · occupation by German troops during the First World War

1940–1944 · occupation by German troops during the Second World War

1951 · Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, found the EEC (the later EU)

30th of June in 1960 · independence of Congo (Congo-Kinshasa)

1962–1963 · Definition of the linguistic border between the cultural communities, Brussels is bilingual, recognition of the German language as a regional language in Eastern Belgium

1970 · first Belgian state reform, the cultural communities become an constitutional rank

1980 · second Belgian state reform, creation of the Flemish Region with status of autonomy

1983 · creation of the German Community in Eastern Belgium as part of Wallonia

1988 · third Belgian state reform, expansion of regional autonomy, creation of the Region Brussels-Capital

1994 · fourth Belgian state reform, division of the former province of Brabant, further strengthening of the autonomy of regions, Belgium becomes a federal state

2001 · fifth Belgian state reform, further strengthening of the autonomy of the regions

Source: Wikipedia (D), Atlas zur Geschichte

hoch/up


Origin of the Country's Name

The name "Belgium" is derived from the Celtic tribe of the "Belger". The Indo-European word "belg" means "to swell with pride", that is, Belgium is the "land of the proud".

Source: Handbuch der geographischen Namen

hoch/up


 

to start page click here