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Bukhara

 

Contents

Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Chanat Buchara Chanate Khanate Bukhara Khan of Bukhara Khan von Bukhara Emir of Bukhara Emir von Bukhara
19th–20th cent.,
Flag of the Khan of Bukhara,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Chanat Buchara Chanate Khanate Bukhara Khan of Bukhara Khan von Buchara Emir of Bukhara Emir von Buchara
Flag of the Khan of Bukhara,
ratio = 2:3,
shape opitmized by: Volker Preuss




Flagge Fahne flag Chanat Buchara Chanate Khanate Bukhara Khanate of Bukhara Khanat Buchara Emirate of Bukhara Emirat Buchara
19th–20th cent.,
Flag of the Khanate of Bukhara,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Sozialistische Volksrepublik Socialistic People’s Republic Buchara Bukhara
1920–1921,
Flag of the Socialistic People’s Republic of Buchara
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Sozialistische Volksrepublik Socialistic People’s Republic Buchara Bukhara
1921–1923,
Flag of the Socialistic People’s Republic of Buchara
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Sozialistische Volksrepublik Socialistic People’s Republic Buchara Bukhara
1923–1923,
Flag of the Socialistic People’s Republic of Buchara
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Sozialistische Republik Socialistic Republic of Buchara Bukhara
1924–1925,
Flag of the Socialistic Republic of Buchara (?),
ratio = 1:2,
Source: no source to be determined anymore



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The flag of the Khan of Bukhara showed a with a showy border surrounded green bunting with a golden half-moon and a star, the symbols of Islam but even of the Turks, completed by the hand of Fatima (symbol of luck), the daughter of Prophet Mohammed, as well as arabian inscriptions. After the end of the monarchy after a communist coup d’état, the arabian signs had been removed as well as the hand of Fatima, and the initials of the country were added in the upper staff quadrant, and the half of the flag has to be ceded for the communist red. Since 1923 it was only single-coloured red.

Source: Volker Preuss, Flags of the World

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Turkistan about 1870


Landkarte: Freeware, University of Texas Libraries, modyfied by: Volker Preuss


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Numbers and Facts

Area: 92.278 square miles

Inhabitants: 2.130.000 (1885)

Density of Population: 2 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: Buchara, 70.000 inh. (1885)

official Languages: Uzbek, Toijik

other Languages: Turkmen, Kirghiz, Arabian

Source: RetroLib Retrobibliothek

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History

antiquity · settlement by Iranian nations

5th century A.D. · immigration of Turk nations

8th century · Arabian conquest, islamization

714–874 · part of the Arabian Califate

10th–11th century · Maverannah State (Transoxania) under the Samanids

11th century · conquest by the Selchuks

1218–1226 · conquest by the Mongols under Dshingis Khan and his successors

1363 · end of the Mongol rule, invasion of Timur

8th of April 1369 · Timur becomes Emir of Transoxania with royal seat in Samarkand

15th century · migration of Uzbeks (named after Ösbek Khan, a ruler of the Golden Horde) under the leadership of Abulkhair Khan

1500 · conquest by the Uzbeks under Sheibani Mehemmed Chan, a descendant of Dshingis Khan, establishment of the Khanate of Buchara

1597 · with the death of Abdullah Chan ends the reign of the Dshingids

1597–1737 · dynasty of the Ashtarkhanids as Uzbek Chans

ca. 1710 · the Uzbek Shah-Rukh establishes the Khanate of Kokand by separation of Fergana Valley from the Khanate of Bukhara

1747–1756 · the country is occupied by Persian troops

since 1785 · dynasty of the Mangits as Uzbek Chans (title Emir)

1826–1860 · rule of Nasrullah Bahadir Chan, numerous wars against Kokand Khiva, Persia and Afghanistan

1842 · conquest of Kokand

1864–1868 · gradually Russian conquest

30th of June 1868 · the Khanate of Bukhara becomes a vassal of Russia, cede of Samarkand to Russia

1917 · bolshevist coup d’état in Russia

1917–1918 · civil war

March 1918 · Soviet Russia recognizes the Khanate of Bukhara

August 1920 · coup d’état of the Communist Party of Bukhara, invasion of Soviet Russia

2nd of September 1920 · conquest of Bukhara Town by troops of Soviet Russia, the Emir escapes to Afghanistan, proclamation of the Soviet Republic of Bukhara

18th of October 1920 · proclamation of the Socialistic People’s Republic of Bukhara

1920–1923 · civil war

4th of March 1921 · alliance with Soviet Russia, Soviet Russia recognizes de facto the independence of Bukhara, but apprehension of the whole leadership of the country by the communists

19th of September 1924 · proclamation of the Socialistic Republic of Bukhara

17th of February 1925 · dissolution of the Socialistic Republic of Bukhara, annexion to Soviet Uzbekistan

Source: RetroLib Retrobibliothek, World Statesmen, Wikipedia (D)

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Origin of the Country's Name

The name "Bukhara" has its roots in a buddhist dynasty of the early middle ages, which gave the town its name. It has ancient indian roots and descends from the word "Bihara" what means "Monastery".

Source: Handbuch der geographischen Namen

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