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Ceuta

 

Contents

Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Additional Text about History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Ceuta Spanisch-Nordafrika Plazas de Soberanía Presidios
Flag of the country,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Ceuta Spanisch-Nordafrika Plazas de Soberanía Presidios
Official flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Ceuta was conquered by the Portugese in the year 1415, and came to Spain not until the year 1580. The flag of Ceuta goes from there back to Portugal. The flag of Ceuta is the flag of the Spanish City of Ceuta, consisting of a black and white gyronny with the city's coat of arms in the middle. It is an image of the flag of St. Vincent (the city saint of Lisbon) or the city of Lisbon itself and these are the colours of the Dominican Order. This flag was even used as the flag of Portugal for some time. The official flag for offices and authorities even shows the Portuguese national coat of arms in the middle, but the golden castles of Castile are arranged a little differently. The shield is crowned by a margrave crown.

Source: Wikipedia (ES)

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Map

Map of Spanish North Africa:

Source: www.publico.es


Map of Ceuta:

Source: User:Kimdime69, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 7 square miles

Inhabitants: 84.777 (2019)

Density of Population: 12.198 inh./sq.mi.

official Language: Spanish

other Languages: Arabian

Currency: 1 Euro (€) = 100 Cent

Time Zone: GMT + 1 h

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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History

1100–600 B.C. · phoenician city "Abyle"

to 146 B.C. · to Karthago

42 A.D. · to the Roman Empire, city "Septa"

395 · to the West Roman Empire

554 · conquest by the Byzantine Empire

ca. 600 · withdrawal of the Byzantians

618 · to the Empire of the Visigoths

711 · Islamic-Arabian capture, to the Umayyad Caliphate, name: "Sibta"

1309 · to  the Kingdom of Aragón

1310 · to the Emirate of Granada

21st of August 1415 · conquest by Portugal

1st of December 1640 · to Spain

1668 · Perejil Island becomes a Spanish possession

1847–1912 · the Spanish possessions at the northern coast of Africa become united as a captaincy-general

1912–1956 · Ceuta is a part of Spanish Morocco

1956 · Ceuta comes to the Spanish Province of Cádiz

14th of March 1995 · Autonomous City of Ceuta

2002 · "Perejil War" with Morocco

Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, World Statesmen, Wikipedia (D)

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Additional Text

Ceuta is a free port and an important Spanish military base. Here are stationed among other contingents of the Spanish Foreign Legion. It is a hub of transport between Africa and Europe. The economy is marked by medium-sized businesses, especially in fishing, food industry (fish processing) and the textile industry. Furthermore, there are shipyards. Trade relations extend only to Spain, the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands and Melilla. Ceuta was part of the Spanish province of Cadiz to 1995, and is today an Autonomous City within Spain.

The area of Ceuta is a residual area of the former Spanish colony of Spanish Morocco, which existed from 1912 to 1956 as a Spanish protectorate in northern Morocco, and was given up except the Plazas de Soberanía (Presidios). The Presidios had been from the early modern period Spanish possession, then deportation places for convicts on the north coast of Morocco. The Presidios are still until today the following possessions:

• Ceuta (84.700 inh.),
• Melilla (86.500 inh.),
• Perejil (uninhabited),
• Peñon de Velez de la Gomera,
• Alhucemas-Inseln,
• Chafarinas-Inseln (the last three alltogether ca. 300 inhabitants)

Sometimes the Plazas de Soberanía are even called as Spanish North Africa. Morocco claims the Plazas de Soberanía and in this way Ceuta too.

On 10th of July in 2002 Morocco occupied the to Spanish North Africa belonging, and near Ceuta situated, uninhabited Perejil Island (= Parsley Island), to underline his claims to the territories. On 17th of October Spain drove as part of a military operation the on Perejil Island stationed Moroccan soldiers and took over the island again ("parsley war"). As a result of diplomatic wrangling, an agreement was reached briefly, to nominate the island as "neutral territory". However, the annexation by Morocco was an attack on a NATO country and on the European Union, and before treaty obligations have been activated, the restore of the state before the 10th of July in 2002 was agreed.

Source: Länder der Erde, Wikipedia (D), Volker Preuss

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Origin of the Country's Name

The first mention of the settlement is the Phoenician city "Abyle". The ancient Greeks called the place later "Hepta Adelphia", what means "Seven Brothers", because the city is built on seven hills. The Romans adopted the Greek name and the translated word for word "Septem Frates" (Seven Brothers), in the short form the city was called "Septa". The Arabs called it "Sibta" and the Portuguese gave it the name "Ceuta", which it has kept to this day.

Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, Wikipedia (D), Handbuch der geographischen Namen

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