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Cocos Islands

 

Contents

Flags

Historical Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Australien Australia Kokosinseln Keeling-Inseln Cocos Keeling Islands
since 1955,
Flag of Australia,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Corel Draw 4




Flagge Fahne flag Kokosinseln Keeling-Inseln Cocos Keeling Islands
since 2003,
National flag (unofficial),
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Wikipedia (DE)



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Historical Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Straits Settlements
1886–1925,
Flag of the Straits Settlements,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: World Statesmen




Flagge Fahne flag Straits Settlements
1925–1942,
Flag of the Straits Settlements,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: World Statesmen




Flagge Fahne flag Britisch British Ceylon
1942–1946,
Flag of British Ceylon,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Britisch Britisch British Singapur Singapore
1946–1951,
Flag of British Singapore,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Großbritannien Great Britain United Kingdom Vereinigtes Königreich
1951–1955,
Flag of the United Kingdom,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Corel Draw 4



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The today’s flag of Cocos-Islands was introduced in 2003, but it has only unofficial character. The flag is single-coloured green and shows in the upper staff quadrant near the pole a yellow disk with a palm tree in it. In the middle of the flag a yellow half-moon and in the flying end the Cross of the South formed by yellow stars. The colours yellow and green are the national colours of Australia. Just as refers the Cross of the South to the connexions to that country. The Cocos Islands belonged since 1903 to the British crown colony of the Straits Settlements. In the year 1867 the Straits Settlements became a British crown colony. For that was introduced a flag how it was usual at that times for British colonies. The United Kingdom introduced a flag system in 1864 in which:

• war ships fly the "White Ensign" (naval flag), a white flag often with an uninterrupted red St. George's-Cross and with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant of the flag,
• merchant ships fly a "Red Ensign" (also named "Civil Ensign" => civil flag, the real merchant flag), a red flag with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant of the flag, and
• governmental ships fly the "Blue Ensign" (flag for the use by the gouvernment => the actual state flag), a blue flag with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant of the flag.

Since 1865 ships of colonial governments were permitted to fly the Blue Ensign with a badge in the flying end of the flag. The badge of the Straits Settlements was a red rhombus with a white shaft on which were layed down three crowns. That stood for the three places of Penang, Malacca and Singapore. In 1942 the islands came under the administration of British Ceylon and from 1946 under that of British Singapore. The British Singapore administration ended in 1951. The administration of Christmas Island was handed over to Australia on 23rd of November in 1955 and on the island is officially in use only the Australian flag.

Source: Die Welt der Flaggen, Flags of the World, Volker Preuss

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Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Kokosinseln Keeling-Inseln Cocos Keeling Islands
Coat of arms of the Cocos Islands,
Source, by: Wikipedia (ES)

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The coat of arms schows a shield between two palm trees. The shield was quartered, field one and four show a silvery fish on a blue background, field two and three show a bird on a silvery background. In the middle appears a black "Z". Above the shield a red and white bead and out of it a hand with a red carnation in it. Below the shield appears a golden banner with the slogan "Pulu Kita Maju". As long as the island had been owned by the Clunies-Ross family, there was placed the Latin motto "Pro Patria". The arms are probably the family crest of the Clunies-Ross familyThe arms could be in fact the crest of the Clunies-Ross family. This is supported by the black "Z" in the middle of the crest. Although it is called "sable" and "saber", but it should be in reality a modified form of a wolf angel, a sign which comes from the European heraldry.

Source: Wikipedia (ES), Volker Preuss

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Map

Location:

Source: CIA World Factbook

Map of the country:

Source: CIA World Factbook

interaktive Landkarte
Source: Freeware, University of Texas Libraries, modyfied by: Volker Preuss

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 5,4 square miles

Inhabitants: 244 (2016)

Density of Population: ca. 110 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: West Island, 134 inh. (2011)

official Language: Englisch

Currency: 1 Australian Dollar (A$) = 100 Cents

Time Zone: GMT + 6,5 h

Source: Wikipedia (DE)

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History

1609 · the English seafarer William Keeling discovers the Cocos Islands

1826 · settlement of the islands by British

1831 · the Scotsman John Clunies-Ross appropriates the islands

1857 · the Cocos Islands become formally appropriated by the British East India Company

1878 · the administration of the Cocos Islands becomes handed over to the British Governor of Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

1886 · the Cocos Islands become annexed to the Straits Settlements

1901 · construction of a cable station on Direction Island

1910 · construction of a broadcast station on Direction Island

9th of November 1914 · First World War (1914–1918), German troops debark on Direction Island, but leave the Cocos Islands a little bit later

1942 · the administration of the Cocos Islands becomes handed over again to the British Governor of Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

1942–1944 · Japanese air strikes in the Second World War (1939–1945)

1st of April 1946 · the end of the Straits Settlements: Penang and Malacca become affiliated to the Malay Union (Malaya), but Singapore becomes an own British crown colony, the Cocos Islands and Christmas Island become annexed to Singapore, Labuan comes to British North Borneo

1951 · the islands become separated from Singapore, but remainin as a British possession

23rd of November 1955 · the administration of the Cocos Islands is transfered from the United Kingdom to Australia

1978 · Australia purchases the islands almost entirely from the Clunies-Ross family

25th of July 1979 · Australia grants autonomy

1984 · plebiscite, majority for a remaining at Australia

Source: Wikipedia (DE), World Statesmen

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Origin of the Country's Name

The name "Cocos Islands" refers probably to the cocos palm trees on the islands. They had been from 1826 to 1987 the main source of income of the inhabitants of the islands (production of palm oil and copra). The islands are also named "Keeling Islands" to honour their discoverer, the English seafarer Captain William Keeling.

Source: Wikipedia (DE), Volker Preuss

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