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Darfur

 

Contents

Flag

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flag

National flag Flagge Fahne flag Darfur Fur
National flag ,
ratio = 2:3,
Source nach by: World Statesmen



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The flag of Darfur shows three horizontal stripes in green, red and black in a ratio of 1:2:1 with a white crescent in the middle red stripe. The crescent stands for the Islam as dominating religion. This flag was the flag of the Sultanate of Darfur, which existed between 1603 and 1916. Red, white, green, and black are very important colours in Islam, which are often found on flags: Red is the color of Omar, the second caliph; White stands for the Omajiads, a caliph dynasty that goes back to the fifth caliph Moawija I; Green stands for the Fatimids, an Ismaili-Shiite caliph dynasty that goes back to the fourth caliph Ali; and black stands for the Abbasids, a caliph dynasty that goes back to the Caliph Abbas I.

Source: Volker Preuß

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Map

Interactive Map of the Sudan:
interaktiv/interactive
Source: Freeware, University of Texas Libraries,
modyfied by: Volker Preuss

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 196.554 square miles

Inhabitants: 8.000.000 (2020), thereof 30% Fur, 70% Arabs, Sogawah, Bideajat, Bisharin, Fulbe, Massalat, Tukrur

Density of Population: 41 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: El-Fasher (Al-Faschir), 286.277 inh. (2009)

official Language: Arabian

other Languages: English, Khundshara, regional dialects

Currency: Sudanese Currency

Time Zone: GMT + 2 h

Source: Wikipedia (D), RetroLib Retrobibliothek

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History

antiquity · settlement by the Dadjo tribe, immigration of Fur, expulsion of Dadjo

600 · Christianization

900–1200 · christian kingdoms in the today’s Darfur, islamic attacks

13th cent. · the christianity in the today’s Darfur breaks down under the arabian-islamic onslaught, parts in the west of the country come unser the rule of the islamic Empire of Bornu-Kanem

ca. 1620 · islamization of Darfur

1640 · the Keira-Family takes over the control in Darfur and nominates itself to sultans and unifys the country

1787–1821 · Kordofan belongs to Darfur

1821–1833 · Darfur is occupied by egypt troops

1874 · invasion of egypt troops, battle of Menawashi (Manawaki), defeat of Darfur, death of Sultan Brahim of Darfur

1875–1881 · the Egyptians try to stop the slave trading

1881–1898 · anti-egyptian-clerical Mahdi revolt under the leadership of Mohammed Achmed, named Mahdi, formation of the Mahdi Empire

1882 · United Kingdom occupys Egypt

1883 · anti-egyptian revolt, Darfur declares its independence

1883 · Darfur has to submit itself the expanding Mahdi State, Sultan Jussuf of Darfur becomes officialy deployed by the Mahdi as a vassal

1885 · death of the Mahdi, successor is Chalifa Abdullahi

1888 · Sultan Jussuf of Darfur declares Darfur as independent, invasion of troops of the Mahdi State, battle of El-Fascher, defeat of the troops of Darfur, Darfur becomes once more subjected to the Mahdi State

1889 · revolt of the Darfurians under Abu Djimesa fails because of his death and the invasion of Mahdi-troops from the Taasha tribe

1898 · battle of Omdurman, destruction of the Mahdi State by british-egyptian troops, the Sultan of Darfur recognizes the british-egyptian supremacy

1916 · anti-british revolt, invasion of british troops, battle of Zalingi, death of the Sultan, Darfur becomes a province of the Anglo-Egypt Sudan

1994 · Darfur becomes divided into three provinces: Gharb Darfur (Western Darfur), Shamal Darfur (Northern Darfur) and Janub Darfur (South Darfur)

2003 · outbreak of the Darfur Conflict, African rebels start the struggle against the Arabian government of the Sudan, governmental troops and militia exile 2,5 million residents, 400.000 perish

2004 · peace treaty between Darfur and Sudan fails

Source: Wikipedia (D), RetroLib Retrobibliothek

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Origin of the Country's Name

The name of "Darfur" is derived from the Arabian denomination "Dar Fur". That means "House of the Fur" and describes the settlement area of the negro people of the Fur, which settled here since the antiquity.

Source: Handbuch der geographischen Namen

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