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Donetsk

 

Contents

Flag

Historical Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flag

Flagge Fahne flag Republik People's Republic Donezk Donetsk Fahne
since Sept. 2017,
Flag of Donetsk People's Republic,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)



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Historical Flags

The flag history of the Russian republics of Donetsk and Luhansk was similar. Initially, both used an archetype that showed a three-striped flag with the Russian double-headed eagle and an inscription with the name of the Republic. The double-headed eagle was the coat of arms of the respective country and it was placed in the middle of the flag. Flags with inscriptions are rather uncommon and even the showing the coat of arms was not practiced on the flags of Russian republics. So officially (on the part of the offices, authorities and the army of the country), coats of arms and inscriptions were removed from the flag and only the three-colored flags were shown as symbols of the republic. The following changes to the coats of arms of the republics did not affect the flags either. Nevertheless, the flags with the coats of arms and inscriptions were and are still used by the population, so that it is difficult to understand the sequence of changes in the symbolism of the republics.


Flagge Fahne flag Republik People's Republic Donezk Donetsk Fahne
2014–2015,
Flag of Donetsk Republic,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)




Flagge Fahne flag Republik People's Republic Donezk Donetsk Fahne
2014–2015,
Variant without inscription,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)




Flagge Fahne flag Neurussland Neu Russland New Russia Noworossia
2014–2015,
Flag of the Federation of New Russia,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)




Flagge Fahne flag Republik People's Republic Donezk Donetsk Fahne
2015–2017,
Flag of Donetsk People's Republic,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN), www.vz.ru




Flagge Fahne flag Oblast District Bezirk Donezk Donetsk
Flag of the District of Donetsk,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The flag of the Donetsk People's Republic was officially introduced on the occasion of the declaration of independence of the republic on 7th of April in 2014. It shows three horizontal stripes in black, blue and red, and in the middle the coat of arms of the Republic, a Russian silvery eagle with a red chest plate and on it the Archangel Michael. The flag showed on the upper and on the lower stripe of the flag one name of the country: "Donetskaya Respublika". In practice, the inscriptions are oftenly omitted, not so often the eagle too.

In 2015 the inscription on the flag was changed to "People's Republic of Donetsk". The coat of arms was also changed, the double-headed eagle had to do it without the imperial orb and without the banner. In 2017, offices, authorities and the army of the republic officially introduced just three-striped flags without any inscriptions and without the eagle.

Some support also enjoys the flag of the Ukrainian oblast (district) of Donetsk, which shows a golden sun on a blue and black background.

The Republics of Donetsk and Lugansk had been united between 24th of April in 2014 and 20th of May in 2015 in the "Federation of New Russia". Even its flag is frequently still in use. It shows the colors of Russia: white, blue and red, in an arrangement as a blue diagonal cross with a white border on red ground.

Source: Volker Preuß, Wikipedia (EN)

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Coat of Arms


Wappen Volksrepublik Republik Donezk coat of arms Donetsk People's Republic
2014–2015,
Coat of arms of the Donetsk Republic


Wappen Volksrepublik Republik Donezk coat of arms Donetsk People's Republic
since 2015,
Coat of arms of the Donetsk People's Republic,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The in 2014 introduced coat of arms of the republic shoed a silvery Russian eagle, surmounted by an imperial orb, with a red chest plate and on it the Archangel Michael. A banner shows one name of the country "Donjetskaja Rus". In 2015 the coat of arms was changed, the double-headed eagle had to do it without the imperial orb and without the banner.

Source: Volker Preuß

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Map


New Russia and its historical and claimed territories, red: in reality owned, (July 2015)
Source: Freeware, University of Texas Libraries, modyfied by: Volker Preuß

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 3.032 square miles

Inhabitants: 2.302.000 (2018), thereof, ca. 57% Ukrainians, 38% Russians

Religions: 43% Non-Religious, 29% Orthodox, 6% Catholics, 3% Islam

Density of Population: 759 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: Donetsk, 908.500 inh. (2020)

official Language: Russian

other Languages: Ukrainian

Currency: Russian currency

Time Zone: GMT + 3 h

Source: Wikipedia (D), Wikipedia (EN)

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History

January 2014 · coup in Kiev (not constitutionally compliant change of power), riots

16th of March in 2014 · referendum in the Republic of Crimea, an overwhelming majority votes in favor of a connection to Russia, on 18th of March the parliament of Crimea decides the affiliation to Russia, on 20th of March the parliament of Russia decides the affiliation of the Republic of Crimea to the Russian Federation

7th of April in 2014 · proclamation of the (Russian) Republic of Donetsk in Donbass Area, later also of the Republics of Luhansk, Kharkiv and Odessa

15th of April 2014 · beginning of hostilities by the Ukraine

24th of April 2014 · establishing of the Federation of New Russia (Luhansk und Donezk)

28th of April 2014 · rename in People's Republic of Donezk

11th of May in 2014 · referendums in the Republics of Luhansk and Donetsk confirm the sovereignty of the republics by a large majority

September 2014 · armistice

November 2014 · elections

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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Origin of the Country's Name

The country's name comes from the capital Donetsk. Its name comes from the river Donets, translated: "Little Don".

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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