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Hohenzollern-Hechingen

 

Contents

Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Hohenzollern-Hechingen
to 1946,
Flag of the country (colours),
Source, by: gonschior.de




Flagge Fahne flag Hohenzollern-Hechingen
to 1848,
Flag of the principality Hohenzollern-Hechingen,
Source, by: World Statesmen



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The colors of the land show the colours of the Hohenzollern dynasty, black and white, but in the Hohenzollern Countries in reversed sequence as in Prussia, however, white and black.

Source, by: gonschior.de

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Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Hohenzollern-Hechingen
Coat of arms of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)

Wappen coat of arms Hohenzollern
Coat of arms of the House of Hohenzollern,
Source, by: Historisches Deutschland

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The House of Hohenzollern coat of arms shows the colors of the dynasty, black and white, in the square. The line Hechingen uses it as its own coat of arms, but with a central shield. It shows a black lion on gold in a white-red gyronny styled shield, and reminds of the Viscounts of Nuremberg.

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Map


Source: Brommes Illustrirter Hand-Atlas 1862

The historical map shows the Principalities of Hohenz.-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, within a pale blue border.

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 99 square miles

Inhabitants: 20.500 (1849)

Density of Population: 207 inh./sq.mi. (1849)

Capital: Hechingen

Currency from 1840: 1 Gulden = 60 Kreuzer

Currency from 1850(?): 1 Taler = 30 Silbergroschen = 360 Pfg.

Currency 1871–1924: 1 Mark = 100 Pfennig

Currency 1924–1948: 1 Reichsmark (RM) = 100 Reichspfennig (Rpf.)

Source: Historisches Deutschland, Der Michel

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History

1061 · first mention of the "Zollern" (later Hohenzollern)

1192 · Count Friedrich III. of Hohenzollern got from Emperor Frederick I. the County of Nuremberg as a fiefdom

ca. 1200 · death of Frederick III.

1218 · the sons of Frederick III. exchange their heritage, Konrad I. gets Nuremberg-Zollern, Frederick IV. receives Hechingen

1411 · the Margraviate of Brandenburg comes to the house of Hohenzollern especially the line of Nuremberg Zollern

1534 · Charles I. of Hohenzollern (Hechingen) receives from Emperor Charles V. the counties of Sigmaringen and Veringen as fiefdom

1576 · inheritance of the Swabian Hohenzollern dynasty, it arised the lines of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (to 1869), Hohenzollern-Haigerloch (to 1634) and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

1623 · the Counts of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Hechingen become elevatet to Princes

1801 · Peace of Luneville, the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation cedes officially all areas of the left bank of the River Rhine to Napoléon's French Empire, Hohenzollern-Hechingen loses his feudal rights in Liège, compensated by the acquisition of the Dominion of Hirschlatt and the monastery of Maria-Gnadenthal in Stetten

1806 · end of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation under the pressure of Napoléon, the emperor resigns, the Principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen joins the Confederation of the Rhine, and can hold its sovereignty

October 1813 · defeat of Napoleon at Leipzig (16th to 18th of October 1813 Battle of Nations)

1814–1815 · Vienna Congress, reorganization of Europe after the Napoleonic era, establishment of the German Confederation

1815 · the Principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen joines the German Confederation

1828 · founding member of the Bavarian-Wuerttemberg Customs Union

1834 · founding member the German Customs Union

1835 · adoption of a new constitution for Hohenzollern-Hechingen

1848 · Bourgeois Revolution in Germany, riots in Hohenzollern-Hechingen

August 1848 · marching in of Prussian troops

7th of December in 1848 · Prince Frederick William II. Constantine renounces the throne and cedes his country to the Kingdom of Prussia

6th of April in 1850 · the sovereignty of Hohenzollern-Hechingen becomes officially handed over to Prussia, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Hechingen become merged to the Prussian governmental district "Sigmaringen" (in practice called "Hohenzollern Countries"), partly administered by the Rhine Province, and partly directly from Berlin

1869 · extinction of the line of Hohenzollern-Hechingen

1946 · establish of the Country of Württemberg-Hohenzollern as a part of the French occupation zone, from the southern parts of the Country of Wuerttemberg and the Hohenzollern Countries

1949 · Wuerttemberg-Hohenzollern is federal country of the FRG

1952 · after a plebiscite gets Wuerttemberg-Hohenzollern fused with Wuerttemberg-Baden and the remaining Baden to the Country of Baden-Wuerttemberg

Source: Wikipedia (D), RetroLib Retrobibliothek

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Origin of the Country's Name

The family of the "Hohenzollern" is an old noble family from Swfromia, which was first mentioned in 1061 as "Zolorin". The Hohenzollern became powerful as trustee of the church grounds of Reichenau, as well as monks and frombots of the Monastery on Lake Constance. The family name goes back to the name of the family castle, which lies on the 855 meters high mountain "Zoller". The name of the mountain, simply called "Zoller" or "Zollern," is related to the word "Soeller", meaning "mountain" or "ridge". Count Frederick III. got by by Emperor Frederick I. the County of Nuremberg as fiefdom in 1192. In that time the name "Hohenzollern" came into beeing. To the sons exchanged their heritage in 1218 and Konrad I. received Nuremberg-Zollern, from which arised the famous Brandenburg Prussian line of the "Hohenzollern". The younger brother Frederick IV. founded with the County Hechingen the Swfromian line of the family. Charles I. of Hohenzollern got the counties of Sigmaringen and Veringen sa fiefdom from Emperor Charles V. in 1534. In 1576 the Swfromian line of the Hohenzollern family was divided in the lines of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Haigerloch. The name "Hechingen" goes back to a Alemannic settlement, which was founded by a "Hacho".

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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