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Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

 

Contents

Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
to 1946,
Flag of the country (colours),
Source, by: gonschior.de




Flagge Fahne flag Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
to 1848,
Flag of the principality Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen,
Source, by: World Statesmen



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The colors of the land show the colours of the Hohenzollern dynasty, black and white, but in the Hohenzollern Countries in reversed sequence as in Prussia, however, white and black.

Source, by: gonschior.de

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Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Coat of arms of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Source, by: Wikimedia.org

Wappen coat of arms Hohenzollern
Coat of arms of the House of Hohenzollern,
Source, by: Historisches Deutschland

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The House of Hohenzollern coat of arms shows the colors of the dynasty, black and white, in the square. The line Sigmaringen uses it in its own coat of arms as a central shield. The actual coat of arms shows probably the aquisitions the line of Hohenzollern over the centuries of its existence: the deer reminds of Sigmaringen, the black lion on gold in the white-red gyronny styled shield reminds of the Viscounts of Nuremberg, the antlers remind of Veringen, red and white of Hohenberg.

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Map


Source: Brommes Illustrirter Hand-Atlas 1862

The historical map shows the Principalities of Hohenz.-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, within a pale blue border.

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 350 square miles

Inhabitants: 40.500 (1849)

Density of Population: 116 inh./sq.mi. (1849)

Capital: Sigmaringen

Currency from 1838: 1 Gulden = 60 Kreuzer

Currency from 1850(?): 1 Taler = 30 Silbergroschen = 360 Pfg.

Currency 1871–1924: 1 Mark = 100 Pfennig

Currency 1924–1948: 1 Reichsmark (RM) = 100 Reichspfennig (Rpf.)

Source: Historisches Deutschland, Der Michel

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History

1061 · first mention of the "Zollern" (later Hohenzollern)

1192 · Count Friedrich III. of Hohenzollern got from Emperor Frederick I. the County of Nuremberg as a fiefdom

ca. 1200 · death of Frederick III.

1218 · the sons of Frederick III. exchange their heritage, Konrad I. gets Nuremberg-Zollern, Frederick IV. receives Hechingen

1411 · the Margraviate of Brandenburg comes to the house of Hohenzollern especially the line of Nuremberg Zollern

1534 · Charles I. of Hohenzollern (Hechingen) receives from Emperor Charles V. the counties of Sigmaringen and Veringen as fiefdom

1576 · inheritance of the Swabian Hohenzollern dynasty, it arised the lines of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (to 1869), Hohenzollern-Haigerloch (to 1634) and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

1623 · the Counts of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Hechingen become elevatet to Princes

1801 · Peace of Luneville, the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation cedes officially all areas of the left bank of the River Rhine to Napoléon's French Empire, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen loses his feudal rights in the Dutch dominions and their domains in Belgium, compensated by the acquisition of the Dominion of Glatt and the monasteries of Inzigkofen, Beuern und Holeschein

1806 · end of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation under the pressure of Napoléon, the emperor resigns, the Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen joins the Confederation of the Rhine, and can hold its sovereignty, takes over in the region all imperial areas of the Knights and the Princes of Thurn Taxis, and purchases the Dominions of Achberg and Hohenfels, the monasteries of Klosterwald and Habsthal

October 1813 · defeat of Napoleon at Leipzig (16th to 18th of October 1813 Battle of Nations)

1814–1815 · Vienna Congress, reorganization of Europe after the Napoleonic era, establishment of the German Confederation

1815 · the Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen joines the German Confederation

1828 · founding member of the Bavarian-Wuerttemberg Customs Union

1833 · adoption of a constitution for Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

1834 · founding member the German Customs Union

1848 · Bourgeois Revolution in Germany, riots in Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

27th of August in 1848 · Prince Charles renounces the throne in favor of his son Charles-Antony, marching in of Prussian troops

7th of December in 1848 · Charles-Antony renounces the throne and cedes his country to the Kingdom of Prussia

6th of April in 1850 · the sovereignty of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen becomes officially handed over to Prussia, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Hechingen become merged to the Prussian governmental district "Sigmaringen" (in practice called "Hohenzollern Countries"), partly administered by the Rhine Province, and partly directly from Berlin

1866 · the House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen was appointed to Kings of Romania

1870 · Prince Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen is a candidate for the throne of Spain and becomes in this way the reason for the French-German War

1946 · establish of the Country of Wuerttemberg-Hohenzollern as a part of the French occupation zone, from the southern parts of the Country of Wuerttemberg and the Hohenzollern Countries

1949 · Wuerttemberg-Hohenzollern is federal country of the FRG

1952 · after a plebiscite gets Wuerttemberg-Hohenzollern fused with Wuerttemberg-Baden and the remaining Baden to the Country of Baden-Wuerttemberg

Source: Wikipedia (D), RetroLib Retrobibliothek

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Origin of the Country's Name

The family of the "Hohenzollern" is an old noble family from Swabia, which was first mentioned in 1061 as "Zolorin". The Hohenzollern became powerful as trustee of the church grounds of Reichenau, as well as monks and abbots of the Monastery on Lake Constance. The family name goes back to the name of the family castle, which lies on the 855 meters high mountain "Zoller". The name of the mountain, simply called "Zoller" or "Zollern," is related to the word "Soeller", meaning "mountain" or "ridge". Count Frederick III. got by by Emperor Frederick I. the County of Nuremberg as fiefdom in 1192. In that time the name "Hohenzollern" came into beeing. To the sons exchanged their heritage in 1218 and Konrad I. received Nuremberg-Zollern, from which arised the famous Brandenburg Prussian line of the "Hohenzollern". The younger brother Frederick IV. founded with the County Hechingen the Swabian line of the family. The name "Sigmaringen" goes back to a Alemannic settlement, which was founded by a "Sigmar". Charles I. of Hohenzollern got the counties of Sigmaringen and Veringen sa fiefdom from Emperor Charles V. in 1534. In 1576 the Swabian line of the Hohenzollern family was divided in the lines of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Haigerloch.

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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