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Hohenzollern

 

Contents

Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Regierungsbezirk Hohenzollernsche Lande Hohenzollern Countries
to 1946,
Flag of the country (colours),
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)




Flagge Fahne flag Hohenzollern-Hechingen Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
to 1848,
Flag of the principalities of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen,
Source, by: World Statesmen



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The colors of the land show the colours of the Hohenzollern dynasty, black and white, but in the Hohenzollern Countries in reversed sequence as in Prussia, however, white and black.

Source, by: gonschior.de

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Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Hohenzollernsche Lande Hohenzollern
Coat of arms of the Hohenzollern Countries,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of the Hohenzollern Countries was the coat of arms of the Hohenzollern dynasty, and showed the colors of the dynasty, black and white, in the square.

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Map


Source: Brommes Illustrirter Hand-Atlas 1862

The historical map shows the Hohenzollern Countries within a pale blue border.

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 441 square miles

Inhabitants: 72.000 (ca. 1920)

Density of Population: 163 inh./sq.mi. (1920)

Capital: Sigmaringen

Currency to 1871: 1 Taler = 30 Groschen = 360 Pfennige

Currency 1871–1924: 1 Mark = 100 Pfennig

Currency 1924–1948: 1 Reichsmark (RM) = 100 Reichspfennig (Rpf.)

Source: gonschior.de

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History

1061 · first mention of the "Zollern" (later Hohenzollern)

1192 · Count Friedrich III. of Hohenzollern got from Emperor Frederick I. the County of Nuremberg as a fiefdom

ca. 1200 · death of Frederick III.

1218 · the sons of Frederick III. exchange their heritage, Konrad I. gets Nuremberg-Zollern, Frederick IV. receives Hechingen

1411 · the Margraviate of Brandenburg comes to the house of Hohenzollern especially the line of Nuremberg Zollern

1534 · Charles I. of Hohenzollern (Hechingen) receives from Emperor Charles V. the counties of Sigmaringen and Veringen as fiefdom

1576 · inheritance of the Swabian Hohenzollern dynasty, it arised the lines of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (to 1869), Hohenzollern-Haigerloch (to 1634) and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

1623 · the Counts of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Hechingen become elevatet to Princes

1801 · Peace of Luneville, the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation cedes officially all areas of the left bank of the River Rhine to Napoléon's French Empire, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Hechingen lose their feudal rights in the Dutch and Belgian dominions, compensated by the acquisition of smaller territories in the region of the principalities

1806 · end of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation under the pressure of Napoléon, the emperor resigns, the Principalities of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Hechingen join the Confederation of the Rhine, and can hold their sovereignty

October 1813 · defeat of Napoleon at Leipzig (16th to 18th of October 1813 Battle of Nations)

1814–1815 · Vienna Congress, reorganization of Europe after the Napoleonic era, establishment of the German Confederation

1815 · the Principalities join the German Confederation

1828 · founding members of the Bavarian-Wuerttemberg Customs Union

1834 · founding members the German Customs Union

1848 · Bourgeois Revolution in Germany, riots in the Hohenzollern principalities

7th of December in 1848 · the Princes renounce their thrones and cede their countries to the Kingdom of Prussia

6th of April in 1850 · the sovereignty of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Hechingen becomes officially handed over to Prussia, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Hechingen become merged to the Prussian governmental district "Sigmaringen" (in practice called "Hohenzollern Countries"), partly administered by the Rhine Province, and partly directly from Berlin

1946 · establish of the Country of Wuerttemberg-Hohenzollern as a part of the French occupation zone, from the southern parts of the Country of Wuerttemberg and the Hohenzollern Countries

1949 · Wuerttemberg-Hohenzollern is federal country of the FRG

1952 · after a plebiscite gets Wuerttemberg-Hohenzollern fused with Wuerttemberg-Baden and the remaining Baden to the Country of Baden-Wuerttemberg

Source: 1.) Wikipedia (D), 2.) Wikipedia (D), RetroLib Retrobibliothek

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Origin of the Country's Name

The family of the "Hohenzollern" is an old noble family from Swabia, which was first mentioned in 1061 as "Zolorin". The Hohenzollern became powerful as trustee of the church grounds of Reichenau, as well as monks and abbots of the Monastery on Lake Constance. The family name goes back to the name of the family castle, which lies on the 855 meters high mountain "Zoller". The name of the mountain, simply called "Zoller" or "Zollern," is related to the word "Soeller", meaning "mountain" or "ridge". Count Frederick III. got by by Emperor Frederick I. the County of Nuremberg as fiefdom in 1192. In that time the name "Hohenzollern" came into beeing. To the sons exchanged their heritage in 1218 and Konrad I. received Nuremberg-Zollern, from which arised the famous Brandenburg Prussian line of the "Hohenzollern". The younger brother Frederick IV. founded with the County Hechingen the Swabian line of the family.

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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