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Isenburg-Birstein

 

Contents

Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Fürstentum Principality Isenburg-Birstein
Flag of the country (Colours)




Flagge Fahne flag Oberisenburg
from 1210,
Scutcheon-Flag of the Upper Isenburg Lineages




Flagge Fahne flag Niederisenburg
1210–1664,
Scutcheon-Flag of the Lower Isenburg Lineages



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The colors blue and gold have their roots in the coat of arms of Prince Karl Friedrich of Isenburg-Birstein. Its personal Upper Isenburg coat of arms showed further an central shield with an golden lion on blue. All the remaining lines of the House of Isenburg use as house flag actually a scutcheon flag, which shows two black bars on white (silvery), as it is visible until today at the Castle of Buedingen.

Source, by: Volker Preuß

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Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Isenburg Niederisenburg
ca. 1100–1210
Coat of arms of the House of Isenburg

Wappen coat of arms Isenburg Niederisenburg
1210–1664
Coat of arms of the Lineage of Lower Isenburg

Wappen coat of arms Isenburg Niederisenburg
from 1210
Coat of arms of the Lineage of Upper Isenburg

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of the House of Isenburg shows three red bars on white (silver). For the line of Upper Isenburg which existed from 1210, was created a modified coat of arms that showed the bars in black colour instead of red.

Source, by: Wikipedia (D), Volker Preuß

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Map


Source: Hand-Atlas für die Geschichte des Mittelalters und die neueren Zeit von Spruner und Menke, modyfied by: Volker Preuß

The map shows the Principality of Isenburg, in two parts, within an red coloured border.

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 73 square miles

Inhabitants: 58.000 (1800)

Residenz: Birstein

Language: German

Currency: not known

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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History

11th century · the ancestors of the Isenburgs live in Rommersdorf near Heimbach-Weis

ca. 1100 · build of the Isenburg Castle, the owners now call themselves "Lords of Isenburg", by marriages and inheritancesthe property will increase

1137 · split of the Hose of Isenburg into the lines of Braunsberg, Kempenich and Limburg

1210 · Isenburg-Braunsberg splits in a younger line (Lower Isenburg) and an older line (Upper Isenburg, Isenburg-Wied)

1371 · the line Isenburg-Arenfels (out of the line Isenburg-Limburg) becomes the Counts of Wied

1424· Isenburg-Kempenich is extincts

1511 · the line Isenburg-Buedingen (out of the line of Isenburg-Limburg) splits into the lines of Isenburg-Birstein and Isenburg-Ronneburg

1601 · Isenburg-Ronneburg extincts

1628 · Isenburg-Birstein splits into the lines of Isenburg-Offenbach and Isenburg-Buedingen

1664 · the last line of Lower Isenburg extincts

1685 · from Isenburg-Buedingen separate the lines of Isenburg-Waechtersbach, Isenburg-Meerholz (to 1929) and Isenburg-Marienborn (to 1725)

1685 · Isenburg-Offenbach splits into the lines of Isenburg-Birstein and Isenburg-Philippseich

1744 · Count Wolfgang Ernst I. of Isenburg-Birstein is levied by Emperor Charles VII to the rank of a Prince

1792, 1796, 1800 and 1805 · invasions of French revolutionary troops under Napoleon in the German Empire, the German Empire subjectes and becomes territorially transformed

1801 · all left-bank territories of the River Rhine ceded to France, and incorporated by this (in this way the in the Eifel Mountains placed Duchy of Arenberg)

1803 · German Mediatisation (Reichsdeputationshauptschluss), transformation of the territorial partition of the German Empire, ecclesiastical possessions become confiscated, old princely territories and free cities become confiscated or dissolved or annexed to old or new principalities, the number of sovereign authorities and estates of the empire is thus reduced from 300 to 60

12th of July in 1806 · Napoleon forces the creation of the Rhine Confederation, an alliance of sixteen southern and southwestern German states under French protectorate, the Principality of Isenburg-Birstein is one of the founding members

1st of August 1806 · the states of the Rhine Confederation declare themselves sovereign and resign from the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation, the Principality of Isenburg-Birstein beomes in this way fully sovereign as a state, but even over the possessions of the Counts of Isenburg (Isenburg-Buedingen, Isenburg-Waechtersbach, Isenburg-Meerholz and Isenburg-Philippseich), and furthermore over the possessions of the Counts of Schoenborn-Heusenstamm and Lerchenfeld

6th of August in 1806 · Emperor Franz II. lays down the crown of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation, the empire ends

October 1813 · Napoleon's defeat at Leipzig, the Rhine Confederation begins to fall apart, Napoleon and his troops withdraw behind the Rhine River

2nd of April in 1814 · Napoleón is deposed as emperor of France and exiled to Elba

1814–1815 · Vienna Congress, reorganization of Europe after the Napoleonic era

1815 · the Principality of Isenburg-Birstein comes to the Empire of Austria

1816 · the Principality of Isenburg-Birstein comes mostly to the Grand Duchy of Hesse, and a smaller part to the Electorate of Hesse, the title "Prince of Isenburg" goes over to the Hessian ruler

1840 · Count Ernst Casimir III. of Isenburg-Buedingen is levied to the rank of a Prince, but now the line calls itself "Princes of Ysenburg and Buedingen"

1865 · Ferdinand of Isenburg-Waechtersbach is levied to the rank of a prince

1918 · the line Isenburg-Birstein calls itself only "Isenburg"

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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Origin of the Country's Name

The name "Isenburg" goes back to the noble family of the Isenburgs, which built ca. 1100 near Heimbach-Weis their ancestral home (their Castle, the Isenburg). The lineage of Birstein resides in Birstein between Frankfurt and Fulda.

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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