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von der Leyen

 

Contents

Flag

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flag

Flagge Fahne flag Fürstentum Principality von der Leyen
1806–1813,
Flag of the Principality von der Leyen,
Source, by: de.academic.ru




Flagge Fahne flag Grafschaft County Hohengeroldseck
1711–1806
Flag of the County of Hohengeroldseck,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The flag of the Principality of von der Leyen was a scutcheon-flag. It showed the motif of the coat of arms, a silvery stake on Blue. Apparently it was adopted with the signing of the Act of the Rhine Confederation, when the principality became sovereign. When the family von der Leyen was levied to counts in 1711, apparently also the coat of arms of the county has been renewed, and in this way the flag also. It showed a silvery bar in blue, and is reminiscent to the coat of arms of the family von der Leyen, and, by the horizontal design of the coat of arms of the Counts of Hohengeroldseck.

Source: Volker Preuß

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Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Fürstentum Principality von der Leyen
1806–1813,
Coat of arms of the Principality von der Leyen


Wappen coat of arms Grafschaft County Hohengeroldseck
1711–1798,
Coat of arms of the County of Hohengeroldseck


Wappen coat of arms Grafschaft County Hohengeroldseck
12th cent. to 1634,
Coat of arms of the County of Hohengeroldseck

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of the family von der Leyen shows a silvery stake in Blue. When the family von der Leyen was levied to counts in 1711, apparently also the coat of arms of the county has been renewed. It showed a silvery bar in blue, and is reminiscent to the coat of arms of the family von der Leyen, and, by the horizontal design of the coat of arms of the Counts of Hohengeroldseck. The coat of arms of the Counts of Hohengeroldseck showed a horizontal red bar on yellow (gold).

Source: Wikipedia (D), Volker Preuß

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Map


Source: F. W. Putzgers Historischer Schul-Atlas, modyfied by: Volker Preuß

The map shows – in the south – the Principality von der Leyen, between 1806 and 1807, within a red border.

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 48 square miles

Inhabitants: 4 500 (1800)

Hauptstädte: Seelbach

official Language: German

Currency: unknown

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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History

12th century · the counts of Geroldseck reside in the castle Hohengeroldseck, the family von der Leyen is first mentioned

1634 · the Counts of Geroldseck extinct, the Dominion of Hohengeroldseck goes to the counts of Cronberg

1653 · the family von der Leyen is levied to the peerage (they became Barons)

1705 · the Dominion of Hohengeroldseck goes to the Barons von der Leyen

1711 · the Barons von der Leyen become levied to the rank of a count

1792, 1796, 1800 and 1805 · invasions of French revolutionary troops under Napoleon in the German Empire, the German Empire subjectes and becomes territorially transformed

1801 · all left-bank territories of the River Rhine ceded to France, and incorporated by this (in this way the in the Eifel Mountains placed Duchy of Arenberg)

1803 · German Mediatisation (Reichsdeputationshauptschluss), transformation of the territorial partition of the German Empire, ecclesiastical possessions become confiscated, old princely territories and free cities become confiscated or dissolved or annexed to old or new principalities, the number of sovereign authorities and estates of the empire is thus reduced from 300 to 60

12th of July in 1806 · Napoleon forces the creation of the Rhine Confederation, an alliance of sixteen southern and southwestern German states under French protectorate, the Principality von der Leyen is one of the founding members

1st of August 1806 · the states of the Rhine Confederation declare themselves sovereign and resign from the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation, the Principality von der Leyen beomes in this way fully sovereign as a state

6th of August in 1806 · Emperor Franz II. lays down the crown of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation, the empire ends

October 1813 · Napoleon's defeat at Leipzig, the Rhine Confederation begins to fall apart, Napoleon and his troops withdraw behind the Rhine River

2nd of April in 1814 · Napoleón is deposed as emperor of France and exiled to Elba

1814–1815 · Congress of Vienna, reconstruction of Europe after the era of Napoleon, the ownership and the administrative partitions in the former German Empire become restored, but not the sovereignty of the ecclesiastical countries, their possessions become transferred to old or new principalities, the 39 remaining German states become organized in a loose association, the German Confederation

1st of March in 1815 · Napoleón returns to France

18th of June in 1815 · final defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo

1815 · the Dominion of Hohengeroldseck goes to the Empire of Austria

1819 · the Empire of Austria cedes the Dominion of Hohengeroldseck to Baden, Hohengeroldseck remains as property of the family von der Leyen (but without sovereignty), as well as the villages of Fachbach and Nievern in Nassau, Ahrenfels in the Prussian Rhine Province, the rule Dominion of Waal near Augsburg, and two further villages in Bavaria, the residence of the family is Waal

Source: Wikipedia (D), RetroLib Retrobibliothek

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Origin of the Country's Name

The name "von der Leyen" points out to the descent of the family from the Moselle region. A Ley is a slate rock. The seat of the family was once at the castle of the von der Leyen near Gondorf. Until the 14th century the family used also the name "de Guntravia" (of Gondorf).

Source: Wikipedia (D), RetroLib Retrobibliothek

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