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Regensburg

 

Contents

Flag

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flag

Flagge Fahne flag Fürstentum Principality Regensburg
1803–1810,
Flag of the Principality of Regensburg,
Source, by: World Statesmen, Wikipedia (EN)



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The flag showed five alternating red and white stripes. Probably the design of the flag goes back to the arms of the city of Regensburg, which shows two crossed silvery key on a red shield.

Source: Volker Preuß

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Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Fürstentum Principality Regensburg
Coat of arms of the Principality of Regensburg,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of the Principality of Regensburg is that of the city of Regensburg. It shows two crossed silver keys on red. The coat of arms of the Bishopric of Regensburg shows a white diagonal line from top left to bottom right on a red shield.

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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Map


Source: F. W. Putzgers Historischer Schul-Atlas, modyfied by: Volker Preuß

The map shows the Principality of Regensburg in the time between the years 1803 and 1807, within a red border.

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 595 square miles

Inhabitants: 108.000 (1803)

Capital: Regensburg

official Language: German

Currency: not known

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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History

1792, 1796, 1800 and 1805 · invasions of French revolutionary troops under Napoleon in the German Empire, the German Empire subjectes and becomes territorially transformed

1801 · all left-bank territories of the River Rhine ceded to France, and incorporated by this

1803 · German Mediatisation (Reichsdeputationshauptschluss), transformation of the territorial partition of the German Empire, ecclesiastical possessions become confiscated, old princely territories and free cities become confiscated or dissolved or annexed to old or new principalities, the number of sovereign authorities and estates of the empire is thus reduced from 300 to 60 – the former Diocese of Regensburg, the former Free Imperial City of Regensburg, the former Abbey of St. Emmeram, the former Imperial Abbeys of Obermuenster and Niedermuenster, and the areas of Donaustauf, Woerth and Hohenburg become merged to the Principality of Regensburg, and the Principality becomes handed over to the last Elector of Mainz and Reichserzkanzler, the Prince Primate Karl Theodor von Dalberg, as the sovereign, however, Bavaria raises claims over the territory

12th of July in 1806 · Napoleon forces the creation of the Rhine Confederation, an alliance of sixteen southern and southwestern German states under French protectorate, the Principality of Regensburg is one of the founding members, Prince Primate Karl Theodor von Dalberg takes up his post in Regensburg

1st of August 1806 · the states of the Rhine Confederation declare themselves sovereign and resign from the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation

6th of August in 1806 · Emperor Franz II. lays down the crown of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation, the empire ends

20th of April in 1809 · Austrian troops occupy the City of Regensburg

23rd of April in 1809 · French troops retake the city

16th of February in 1810 · Napoléon hands over the Principality of Regensburg to Bavaria, the Prince of Regensburg is compensated with the areas of Hanau and Fulda, these become connected to hte Principality of Aschaffenburg, and it becomes established the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt, the Principality of Regensburg ends

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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Origin of the Country's Name

The name "Regensburg" goes back to the in the year 179 A.D. by Emperor Marcus Aurelius founded Legion camp "Castra Regina". That means "Camp on the Regen". Regen ist the name of the river on which Regensburg is placed. The Teutons called the river "Regana", the Romans called it "Reganum" or "Reganus", in the Middle Ages it was called "Regin".

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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