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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Map of the historical Regions in France

Explanations about the Regions

Numbers and Facts


Origin of the Country's Name


Flagge Fahne Korsika flag Corsica pavillon Corse
Flag of Corsica
– drapeau de Corse,
Source, by: Die Welt der Flaggen


Flag history

Flagge Fahne flag Pisa
Flag of Pisa,
Source, by: Wikipedia (IT)

Flagge Fahne Genua flag Genoa
Flag of Genoa,
Source, by: Wikipedia (IT)

Flagge Fahne Korsika flag Corsica pavillon Corse
ca. 1400–1755,
Flag of Corsica,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)

Flagge Fahne Frankreich flag France
since 1768,
Flag of France,
Source, by: Corel Draw 4

Flagge Fahne Großbritannien flag Great Britain
Flag of United Kingdom,
Source, by: Die Welt der Flaggen


Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The flag of Corsica, probably dates from the 15th century, is single-coloured white, and shows a Moor's head in the middle. This peculiar symbol is known in Aragón, Corsica and Sardinia. It goes probably back to the Kingdom of Aragón, because this symbolism there has been used since 1096, and in 1297 gave the Pope Sardinia as a fief to King Jacob II. of Aragón. The Moor's heads are the heads of four Moorish kings, who were defeated ad beheaded in the year 1096 at the Battle of Alcoraz by King Peter I. of Aragón. Moor's heads on flags, blindfolded or not, served later as a deterrent. In the early Middle Ages the countries and cities had suffered greatly at the northern edge of the Mediterranean Sea under Moorish pirates who raided, murdering and plundering the coasts and the people abducted into slavery. But how the Moor's head came to Corsica? In the 14th/15th century the possession of the island was the reason for armed conflicts between Genoa, Aragon and local forces. Finally, Corsica became Genoese, however, there have been riots against Genoa again and again, until the island was finally sold to France in 1768. One of these uprisings was supported by Aragón. One in the service of Aragon standing Corsican, Vincentellu d'Istria (1380–1434), was actively involved in the fightings, and he probably brought the Moor's head with the flag of Aragón to the island, and the Moor's head has been adopted as a symbol of freedom. Because of the fact, that the Moor's head was actually seen as a symbol of freedom, he was released in 1755 from the attributes of a prisoner, the blindfold changed to a headband and the ear ring was dispensable. In 1999, after 700 years, the flag of Sardinia was adjusted this style. The Moor's heads got headbands instead of blindfolds, and also the earring was removed. And, however, the four Moors look away from the flag pole since that year.



Map of the historical Regions in France

The historical, French Regions:

in black: governorate and province in 1776,
in red: former county, province oder governorate

Map: Volker Preuß


Explanations about the Regions

The until the French Revolution existing provinces (or governorates) have been historically grown structures, which had their roots oftenly in former fiefdoms of the French crown, historic counties and duchies. They oftenly existed for hundreds of years and had preserved regionality (e.g. cultural particularities and regional languages). On the occasion of the French Revolution such phenomena were of course not desirable, and as part of their bloody and violent egalitarianism any regional references were eliminated. Shortly after the French Revolution the provinces were dissolved and France became divided into many départements, which should have approximately the same size and the same status. The départements were named after rivers or mountains, to use never and in no circumstances the name of an old province. However, there was no success in cutting the connections of the people of France to their respective regions, so that administrative regions were re-created in 1960, to have a better control in regional administrative processes. In this way became départements, which were placed in a historical province, administratively grouped to an oftenly historically named region. The resulted structures coincide only approximately with the boundaries of the old provinces. In the strictly centralist France any regionality is avoided, so that even the official flags of these regions mostly look like flags of companies, unloving, unhistorical, technocratic and modernistic, and these flags should not be a subject of any lexical considerations here. Only in a few of that regions, exist official flags which remember the historical models. But, even the existence of these today's regions is douptful, because in 2014 was passed a territorial reform valid from the year 2016, that reduces the number of the existing regions by merging to nearly the half. However, there exist unofficial flags in nearly all of these regions, which should remember the old provinces and the old heraldry.

Wikipedia Link to the regions of France: click or tap here
FOTW Link to the regions of France: click or tap here

Source: Flags of the World, Wikipedia (D), Volker Preuß


Numbers and Facts

Area: 3.382 square miles

Inhabitants: 338.554 (2018)

Religions: 92% Roman Catholic

Density of Population: 39 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: Ajaccio, 70.817 inh. (2018)

Languages: French, Corsican

Currency: 1 Euro (€) = 100 Cent

Time Zone: GMT – 1

Source: Wikipedia (D)



antiquity · cettlement by the Ligurian tribe of the Corsicans

544 B.C. · conquest by Carthaginians and Etruscans, to the Carthaginian sphere of influence

238 B.C. · First Punic War, defeat of Carthage against the Roman Empire, Corsica comes to the Roman sphere of influence

231 · annexed to the Roman Empire, to the province of "Corsica et Sardinia"

470 A.D. · invasion of the Vandals

533 · to the Byzantine Empire (East Rome)

6th–7th cent. · invasions of the Goths and Langobards

713 · invasion of the Arabs

754 · conquest by the Franks

833 · the frankish King Louis the Pious gives the island as a fief to the Margrave of Tuscany

1077 · Pope Urban II. gives the island as a fief to Pisa

1217 · troops of Genoa conquer the city of Bonifacio

1284 · Sea-Battle of Melloria, Genoa destroys the Pisan fleet, conquer of the island by Genoa

1300 · Pisa cedes Corsica officially to Genoa

1296 · Pope Boniface VIII. gives Corsica and Sardinia to King James of Aragón as a fief, fights between Corsicans, Genoa and Aragon, finally the island remains at Genoa

1729 · anti-genoese rebellion, fights against Genoese troops on the island

1735 · Corsica declares itself as independent from Genoa

1736 · the in the British service acting German Baron Theodor von Neuhof lands on the island and seizes the power, the Corsicans proclaim him as Theodor I. to the King of Corsica

1737 · conquest by French troops on behalf of Genoa

1746 · Corsica declares itself again as independent from Genoa, one more fights against Genoese troops on the island

15th of May in 1768 · Genoa sells Corsica to France for 40 million Francs, fights against French troops on the island

9th of May in 1769 · battle of Ponte Nuovo, the Corsicans subject to France

1774 · the island is a French province

1793 · fights against French troops on the island

May 1794 · the Corsicans conquer towns of Bastia and Calvi with British aid

18th of June in 1794 · the Corsican assembly deputies proclaim the island as a (Vice-)Kingdom under the rule of Great Britain

October 1796 · reconquest by French troops, withdrawal of the British troops, reincorporation to France

20th century · immigration of French, the Corsicans become a minority, displacement of the Corsican language out of school and public life, since 1976 armed resistance by the Frontu di Liberation Naziunalista Corsu (FLNC)

2018 · administrative reform, General Council and Regional Council are merged, the country becomes a "Collectivité territoriale unique"

Source: Meyers Konversationslexikon, Wikipedia (D), Atlas zur Geschichte


Origin of the Country's Name

About the origin of the name of the island exist two theories: 1st) the name of Corsica/Corse goes probably back to the Phoenician word "Korsai", what means translated "covered with forests". 2nd) the name of Corsica/Corse is the Greek name for Kalliste island, what means translated "the beautiful".

Source: Wikipedia (D)


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