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Gabon

 

Contents

Flags

Historical Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Aircraft Roundel

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag National flag national drapeau pavillon Gabun Gabonaise Gabon
National flag,
ratio = 4:5,
Source, by: Wikipedia (DE), Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag drapeau Naval flag naval flag pavillon Gabun Gabonaise Gabon
Naval flag,
ratio = 4:5,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag drapeau Präsident President pavillon Gabun Gabonaise Gabon
since 2016,
Flag of the President,
ratio = 3:5,
Source, by: Flags of the World




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Historical Flags

Flagge Fahne flag National flag national drapeau pavillon Gabun Gabonaise Gabon
1959–1960,
National flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Wikipedia (DE)




Flagge Fahne flag drapeau Präsiden President pavillon Gabun Gabonaise Gabon
1960–1990,
Flag of the President,
ratio = 1:1,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag drapeau Präsiden President pavillon Gabun Gabonaise Gabon
1990–2016,
Flag of the President,
ratio = 4:5,
Source, by: Flags of the World



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The on the 28th of November in 1958 established Autonomous Republic of Gabon received their first flag on 29th of June in 1959. She already very equals the today's flag, however the yellow stripe was only half wide, and the upper canton of the flag showed the French tricolor. The today's flag was officialy introduced on the 9th of august in 1960. Green stands for the economical important forests, yellow for the sun and blue for the ocean. The colors Pantone pt 355, pt 109, and pt 293 are given for Gabon.

Source: Wikipedia (DE), Flaggen Wappen Hymnen, Flags of the World

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Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms blason armoriaux Gabun Gabonaise Gabon
Coat of arms of Gabon,
Source, by: Wikipedia (DE), Corel Draw 4

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of the state of Gabon was introduced on 15th of July in 1963. It shows a below to a top developing French shield. In it on golden ground a black sailing ship above a blue water surface, it stands for will to progress. The upper part of the shield is green, it stands for the forests of the country, and shows in it three golden disks. Those represent the mineral resources. Behind the shield a tree, protrude its Krone above and its radices below the shield. Above the shield a white typeface ribbon with the motto: "Uniti Progrediemur" →"united forward", below the shield a blue typeface ribbon with the motto of the state: "Union, Travail, Justice" → "unity, work, justice". Shield holders are two black panthers.

Source: Flaggen Wappen Hymnen

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Aircraft Roundel

Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel kockade Gabun Gabonaise Gabon
Aircraft Roundel,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)

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Map

Location:

Source: CIA World Factbook

Map of the country:

Source: CIA World Factbook

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 103.346 square miles

Inhabitants: 2.176.800 (2020), thereof 79% Bantu (Fang, Shira, ...), 18% other Africans, 3% Europeans (most Frenchmen)

Religions: 42% Roman Catholic, 27% other Christian, 12% Protestant, 10% Muslim, 1% Animist

Density of Population: 21 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: Libreville, 703.939 inh. (2013)

official Language: French

other Languages: Bantu languages: Fang, Eshira, ...

Currency: CFA-Franc (BEAC) = 100 Centimes,
FCFA = "Franc de la Coopération Financière en Afrique Centrale"

Time Zone: GMT +1 h

Source: CIA World Factbook, Wikipedia (DE)

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History

1471 · the Portugese Diaz discovers the coast of the today's Gabon

1839 · beginning French colonization

1886 · French colony

1888 · Gabon becomes a part of French Congo

1910 · Gabon becomes a part of French Equatorial Africa

28th od November in 1958 · autonomous republic

17th of August in 1960 · France grants independence

1964 · military revolt, French intervention

1968 · establishment of a one-party-system

1990 · re-permission of a multi-party-system, since then repeatedly riots

2019 · attempted coup by the military

Source: Weltgeschichte, Flaggen Wappen Hymnen, Wikipedia (DE)

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Origin of the Country's Name

The country's name "Gabon" is of Portuguese origin, and goes back to the word "Gabão" which means coat. It is an allusion to the in the age of the discoveries there again and again occurring dense fog that everything enveloped like a coat.

Source: Wikipedia (DE)

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