mobile View, to the German Version tap the flag

 

Johor

 

Contents

Flags

Historical Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Map

Map of the Federal States of Malysia

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag National flag national Johor Johore Yohore
since 1948,
National flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild




Flagge Fahne State flag flag state Johor Johore Yohore
since 1871,
Ceremonial state flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild, Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Johor Johore Yohore Sultan
Standard of the Sultan,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild




Flagge Fahne flag Johor Johore Yohore Sultan
Standard of the Sultan Consort,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild




Flagge Fahne flag Johor Johore Yohore Sultan
Standard of the Crown Prince,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild



hoch/up


Historical Flags

Flagge Fahne flag National flag national Johor Johore Yohore
1855–1858,
National flag,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild




Flagge Fahne National flag flag national Johor Johore Yohore
1858–1871,
National flag,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)




Flagge Fahne National flag Merchant flag flag merchant national Johor Johore Yohore
1871–1948,
National and merchant flag,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild




Flagge Fahne State flag flag state Johor Johore Yohore
1871–1948,
State flag,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild




Flagge Fahne Militär Official flag military official flag Johor Johore Yohore
1871–1948,
Military official flag,
Source, by: Flaggenbuch 1939




Flagge Fahne Naval flag War flag flag naval war Johor Johore Yohore
1871–1948,
Naval flag,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild




Flagge Fahne Naval jack flag naval jack Johor Johore Yohore
1871–1948,
Naval jack,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild




Flagge Fahne flag national Johor Johore Yohore Temenggong Gouverneur Governor
1855–1868,
Standard of the Temenggong (Governor) of Lingga in Johore,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild




Flagge Fahne flag national Johor Johore Yohore Maharadscha Maharaja
1868–1886,
Standard of the Maharaja,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild



hoch/up


Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Johore was a part of the Sultanate of Lingga so that here was initially in use the black flag of Lingga. The Temenggong of the Sultan of Lingga, who was chosen in 1855, even opened the country in the same year. In the year 1858 he changed the flag. It maintained in black, but showed a red upper staff quadrant with a white diagonal cross. In 1868 the Temenggong levied hisself to Maharajah. In this way was detached the anyhow casual allegiance to Lingga, which became meanwhile a Dutch possession. In 1871 were introduced new flags which all show the Islamic symbolism of crescent and star. The design of the flags was orientated in the British ensign-system. United Kingdom introduced a flag system in 1864 in which:
• war ships fly the "White Ensign" (naval flag), a white flag often with an uninterrupted red St. George's-Cross and with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant of the flag,
• merchant ships fly a "Red Ensign" (also named "Civil Ensign" → civil flag, the real merchant flag), a red flag with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant of the flag, and
• governmental ships fly the "Blue Ensign" (flag for the use by the gouvernment → the actual state flag), a blue flag with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant of the flag.
On 1st of April in 1946 the country became a member in the Malay Union. The Malay Union was reorganized in 1948 and converted to the Malay Federation under a British High Commissioner, which reached the independence from United Kingdom in 1957 as the Kingdom of the Malay Federation. In 1963 was the founding of the Kingdom of Malaysia. The from 1948 common politics in foreign affairs and economy made the naval and even the merchant flags of the membering states unnecessary. The hitherto official flag became in this way the new national flag.

Source: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild, Die Welt der Flaggen, Volker Preuß

hoch/up


Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Johor Johore
Coat of arms of Johor,
Source, by: By The State Government of Johor (Reviewed from www.johor.gov.my) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

hoch/up


Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of Johor follows in its design western specifications and shows shield, crown, supporters and a banner. The crown represents the monarchy of the country. The blazon is white and shows in the middle half moon and star (the symbolism of Islam) in gold and four smaller five-pointed stars in each corner of the shield. They represent the four original territories, the today's Johor consits of: make up the fashion Johor today: Johor Bahru, Muar, Batu Pahat and Endau. Supporters are two tigers named Dengkis and Tepuk. They are the mystical guardians of Johor in folklore. The area under the shield shows in gold several stylized plants (gambir and black pepper), on which a blue banner hangs. The banner with Arabic Jawi characters shows the state motto: Kepada Allah Berserah (Submit to Allah).

Source: Wikipedia (EN)

hoch/up


Map

Location:
Größere Karte anzeigen
hoch/up


Map of the Federal States of Malysia

Clickable map:
interaktive Landkarte

Map: Volker Preuß, to Malaysia? → click or tap here

hoch/up


Numbers and Facts

Area: 7.400 square miles

Inhabitants: 4.009.670 (2020), thereof 52 % Malay, 30 % Chinese, 6 % Indian, 9 % other

Religions: 58 % Muslim, 30 % Buddhist, 6 % Hindu, 3 % Christian, 0,3 % Non-Religious

Density of Population: 542 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: Johor Bahru, 663.307 inh. (2010)

official Language: Malaysian

other Languages: Chinese, English

Currency: Malaysian currency

Time Zone: GMT + 8 h

Source: Wikipedia (EN)

hoch/up


History

7th–12th cent. · to the Shrividjaja Empire

14th–15th cent. · to the Madjapahit Empire

15th cent. · State of Malakka

1511 · Conquest of the Sultanate of Malacca by the Portuguese

1528 · foundation of the Sultanate of Johor

1824 · the Sultan of Johor also becomes Sultan of Lingga

1855 · the Temenggong of the Sultan of Lingga opens Johre

1868 · the Temenggong of Johore levies hisself to Maharajah, separation from Linnga

1885 · Johore becomes a British protectorate

1886 · the Maharajah of Johore is proclaimed Sultan

1914 · Johore becomes a protectorate of United Kingdom

1941 · Japanese conquest

1945 · withdrawal of the Japanese

1st of April 1946 · creation of the Malaysian Union by confederation of the Malaysian Sultanates (British protectorates) and the Straits Settlements (British crown colonies), however without Singapore

1st of February in 1948 · re-organization of the Malaysian Union, creation of the Malaysian Federation under a British High Commissioner

31st of August 1957 · independence and proclamation of the Kingdom of Malaysian Federation

16th of September 1963 · proclamation of the Kingdom of Malaysia

Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, Wikipedia (EN), Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild

hoch/up


Origin of the Country's Name

After the conquest of the Sultanate of Malacca by the Portuguese in 1511, the Sultanate of Johor was established in 1528 by members of the Malacca Sultanate dynasty, in which the royal court was moved to the Johor River and the royal residence was established in Johor Lama.

Source: Wikipedia (EN)

hoch/up





to start page click here