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Kiribati

 

Contents

Flag

Historical Flag

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Map

Numbers and Facts

Dependencies

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flag

Flagge Fahne flag National flag Merchant flag Kiribati Kiribas Gilbert Islands Gilbert-Inseln
National flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Corel Draw 4



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Historical Flag

Flagge Fahne flag Gilbert Islands Gilbert-Inseln
1937–1979,
Flag of the government (state flag),
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Gilbert Islands Gilbert-Inseln
1969–1979,
National flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of the World



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The design of the flag corresponds to that of the national coat of arms and shows a large red field and a frigatebird above a rising sun above three blue-white wavy lines. The frigate bird stands for strength and freedom and the wave lines for the Pacific, in which lie the islands of the state are situated. The flag won in a contest, and was hoisted for the first time on the 12th July in 1979 on occasion of the independence. The colors of the Kiribati flag follow the British BSI standard: Red = 539 - Currant red, Yellow = 355 - Lemon, Blue = 110 - Roundel blue. In the Pantone mixing system, this would correspond to the following values: red = pt 1795, yellow = pt 116, blue = pt 294. In British colonial times was hoisted the usual blue official flag (Blue Ensign) with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant and the emblem of the country in the flying part of the flag. The Union Jack pointed to the connexions to United Kingdom. United Kingdom introduced a flag system in 1864 in which:
• war ships fly the "White Ensign" (naval flag), a white flag often with an uninterrupted red St. George's-Cross and with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant of the flag,
• merchant ships fly a "Red Ensign" (also named "Civil Ensign" → civil flag, the real merchant flag), a red flag with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant of the flag, and
• governmental ships fly the "Blue Ensign" (flag for the use by the gouvernment → the actual state flag), a blue flag with the Union Jack in the upper staff quadrant of the flag.
Since 1865 ships of colonial governments were permitted to fly the Blue Ensign with a badge in the flying end of the flag. The respective governments were asked to design appropriate badges. Merchant ships and seafaring persons from colonies were only permitted to use the Red Ensign with a badge, then also named Civil Ensign, if permission has been given to the respective colony by the British admiralty. Such a badge was often a regional landscape representation placed on a disk, often showing ships, historical events or even a kind of a logo. Very often, a badge also showed the name of the country or a motto. Some British possessions, however, already had a coat of arms from the beginning, or their badge was replaced by a coat of arms over the years. To ensure a uniform appearance in the flying end of the flags, coats of arms and other symbols were displayed on a white disk in the size of the earlier badges. There were also exceptions, because some colonies did not use the white disk and placed their escutcheon or even coat of arms directly on the bunting, sometimes enlarged. Already in the '40s they started to remove the white disk and placed the coat of arms directly or enlarged. This conversion process was done gradually, nowhere at the same time and completely. In some British possessions, flags with the white disc are still in use, in others no more and in some areas are both variants in use, next to each other. Since 1916 the Ellice Islands and the Gilbert Islands had been united to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony. From 1937 over the separation of the Ellice Islands in the years 1975/1976 and until the independence was in use a Blue Ensign with the blazon of the colony. It showed an yellow frigate bird (symbol for strength and freedom) on red ground above a rising yellow sun, underneath three wavy blue-white stripes (symbol for the Pacific Ocean, in which the islands are situated).

Source: Die Welt der Flaggen, Flaggen Wappen Hymnen, Wikipedia (D)

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Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Kiribati
since 1979,
Coat of arms of Kiribati,
Source, by: Flags of the World


Wappen coat of arms Gilbert- und Ellice-Inseln Gilbert and Ellice Islands
1937–1979,
Coat of arms of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands,
Source, by: Flags of the World

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of the state - which was awarded the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony on the 1st of May in 1937 - shows exactly like the flag a yellow frigate bird in a red field above a rising yellow sun, underneath three wavy blue-white stripes. The golden banner under the coat of arms carrys since 1979 the motto "Te Mauri Te Raoi ao Te Tabomoa" ("Health, Peace, Prosperity ", by an other translation "Luck, Peace and Progress"). The previously silvery banner carryed before in two languages (Gilbertese and Tuvalu) the motto "Fear God and honor the King".

Source: Die Welt der Flaggen, Flaggen Wappen Hymnen, Flags of the World

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Map

Location:

Source: CIA World Factbook

Map of the country:

Source: CIA World Factbook


Source: Volker Preuß

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 280 square miles, Dependencies (← click here)

Inhabitants: 119.438 (2020), thereof 96% Mikronesians (Gilbertese), 1,2% Europeans, 1% Polynesians, 0,5% Chinese, Banabaians, Tuvaluans

Religions: 59% Roman Catholic, 30% Protestant, 8% other Christian, 2% Bahai

Density of Population: 426 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: South Tarawa (Gilbert Islands), 63.439 inh. (2020)

official Languages: English, Gilbertese (i-Kiribati)

Currencyen: 1 Australian Dollar (AUD) = 100 Cent, 1 Kiribati-Dollar (KID) = 100 Cent

Time Zone: GMT + 12 h to + 14 h

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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Dependencies

Gilbert Islands
main archipelago of Kiribati
108 sq.mi., 108.331 inh. (2020),
1537 · the Spaniard Grijaloa discovers the Gilbert Islands
1777 · the Briton James Cook explores the Gilbert Islands
1860 · British colonization
1892 · the Gilbert Islands become a British protectorate
1916 · summarized with the Ellice Islands
1979 · as Kiribati independent

Ocean Island (Banaba)
2,5 sq.mi., 333 inh. (2020),
1900 · discovery of phosphate, British appropriation
1916 · to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands
1979 · to Kiribati
1981 · claims for independence

Canton and Enderbury
to the group of the Phoenix Islands,
5,4 sq.mi., uninhabited,
initially between USA and United Kingdom vexed archipelago
1939 · formation of a British-US-American condominium
1979 · to Kiribati

Phoenix Islands
10,8 sq.mi., 41 inh. (2020),
1889 · British appropriation
1916 · to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands
1979 · to Kiribati
1995 · resettlement of 1 500 peoples from Tarawa to isles of the Phoenix Islands

Washington Island (Teraina)
to the group of the Line Islands,
5,4 sq.mi., 1.893 inh. (2020),
1889 · British appropriation
1916 · to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands
1979 · to Kiribati

Fanning Island (Tabuaeran)
to the group of the Line Islands,
13 sq.mi., 1.990 inh. (2020),
1889 · British appropriation
1916 · to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands
1979 · to Kiribati

Christmas Island (Kirimati)
to the group of the Line Islands,
149,8 sq.mi., 7.369 inh. (2020),
1777 · dicovered by the Briton James Cook
1888 · British appropriation
1916 · to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands
1957 · British nuclear tests
1979 · to Kiribati

Malden Island
to the group of the Line Islands,
15 sq.mi., since 1927 uninhabited,
traces of very old population
1864 · British appropriation
1916 · to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands
1957 · British nuclear tests
1979 · to Kiribati

Starbuck Island
to the group of the Line Islands,
6 sq.mi., since 1920 uninhabited,
1866 · British appropriation
1916 · to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands
1920 · the Guano quarrying becomes ceased
1979 · to Kiribati

Vostock Island
to the group of the Line Islands,
0,2 sq.mi., uninhabited,
1916 · to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands
1979 · to Kiribati

Caroline Island
to the group of the Line Islands,
1,5 sq.mi., since 1930 uninhabited,
1795 · dicovered by the Briton W. R. Broughton
1868 · British appropriation
1916 · to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands
1979 · to Kiribati

Flint Island
to the group of the Line Islands,
1 sq.mi., since 1930 uninhabited,
1916 · to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands
1979 · to Kiribati

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History

1537 · the Spaniard Grijaloa discovers the Gilbert Islands

1568 · the Spaniard Alvaro de Mendana discovers the Gilbert Islands

1606 · the Spaniard Quiros explores the Gilbert Islands

1777 · the Briton James Cook explores the Gilbert Islands

1857 · beginning of the christian mission

1860 · settlement and colonization by the British, establishment of plantations, enslavement of large parts of the population

1888 · British appropriation of the Christmas Island and further outlying islands and archipelagos

1892 · the Gilbert Islands become a British protectorate

1900 · the British discover phosphate on Banaba Island, British appropriation

1916 · summary of the Gilbert Islands and the Ellice Islands (the today's Tuvalu) in one British crown colony

1941–1943 · the Gilbert and Ellice Islands are occupied by Japanese troops

1957 · British nuclear tests near Christmas Island (Kirimati)

1st of October 1975 · separation of the Ellice Islands as an own colony

1977 · United Kingdom grants internal autonomy for the Gilbert Islands

1st of October 1978 · the Ellice Islands become independent under the name Tuvalu

12th of July 1979 · the Gilbert Islands become independent under the name Kiribati

1981 · Banaba Island claims independence from Kiribati

1988 · resettlement of 5 000 peoples from Tarawa to isles of the Line Islands

1995 · resettlement of 1 500 peoples from Tarawa to isles of the Phoenix Islands

1996 · the date-line, which before passed between the Gilbert and the Phoenix Islands, becomes relocated behind the eastern frontier of Kiribati

1996 · joining the UN

Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, Wikipedia (D), Discovery '97

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Origin of the Country's Name

The name of the country, which the local inhabitants pronounce as "kiribas", goes back to the name of the "Gilbert Islands", spoken changed and in a native way and polished off linguistically.

Source: Handbuch der geographischen Namen

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