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historical Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Map of the regions of Italy

Numbers and Facts


Origin of the Country's Name


Flagge Fahne flag Italien Italy Region Lombardei Lombardìa Lombardia Lombardie
Flag of Lombardy,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)


historical Flags

Flagge Fahne flag bandiera Lombardei Lombardìa Lombardia Lombardie
Flag of Lombardy,
Source, by: World Statesmen

Flagge Fahne flag bandiera Herzogtum Mailand Duchy of Milan Ducato di Milano
Flag of the Duchy of Milan,
Source, by: World Statesmen

Flagge Fahne flag Königreich Lombardo-Venetien Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia bandiera Regno Lombardo-Veneto
Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia,
Source, by:


Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The flag of Lombardy is single-coloured green and shows in the middle the emblem of the region. This looks like a cross, however, it is the so-called "Rose of Camuna". It should remember the prehistoric drawings in Camuni. The historical heraldry of Lombardy, which was to found itself on the flags, is the heraldry of the Duchy of Milan under the dynasty of Visconti. From the end of the 14th century it was mixed with the heraldry of the German Empire. The coat of arms of the Visconti showed a dragon that spits out a man (bears a man). The flag of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia is not handed down safely. Probably a black-golden flag was used, as it was used by the Empire of Austria as the national flag.

Source: Wikipedia (D), Volker Preuß


Map of the regions of Italy

all names in Italian
interaktive Landkarte
Source: Volker Preuß


Numbers and Facts

Area: 9.213 square miles

Inhabitants: 10.104.000 (2019)

Density of Population: 1.097 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: Mailand (ital.: Milano, lombard.: Milan), 1.398.000 Ew. (2020)

Languages: Italian, Lombard

Time Zone: GMT + 1 h

Source: Wikipedia (D)



antiquity · in the today's Lombardy settle Raetians, Umbrians and Celts

since 5th cent. B.C. · immigration of Etruscians from the Alpes

since 225 B.C. · Roman conquest, establishment of the Province of Gallia Cisalpina

89 B.C. · the Province of Gallia Cisalpina gets incorporated into the Province of Italy

452 · Hun's invasions

476 · dismissal of the last Roman emperor Romulus Augustulus, end of the (West)Roman Empire, the today's Lombardy belongs until 493 to the Empire of the Odoaker

489 · conquest of the region by the Eastern Goth

568/569 · conquest and settlement by the Langobardes (from there: Lombardy)

572 · Pavia gets the capital of the Langobardian Empire

774 · conquest by the Franks

781 · incorporation of the Lombardy into the Frankish Empire of the Carolingians

843 · at the division of the Frankish Empire comes the Lombardy to the Kingdom of Italy

888 · after the vanish of the Carolingians disintegrates the Region into small states

961 · Otto I. brings the Lombardy to the German Kingdom

ca. 1000 · Milano joines the Lombardian Alliance against the German Emperor (Milano, Bergamo, Lecco, Cremona, Mantua and Brescia)

1167 · the Lombardian Alliance takes position against the German Emperor Frederick I. (Barbarossa)

1183 · recognition of the independence of the Lombardian Alliance

ca. 1215–1350 · fights between Ghibellines (emperor's party) and the Guelfes (pope's party)

1277 · Ottone Visconti takes over the power in Milano, later rules the family from Milano the whole Lombardy

1328 · the family Gonzaga takes over the power in Mantua (later Duchy of Mantua, 1708 to the House of Habsburg

1395 · Gian Galeazzo Visconti receives from the German King Wenceslaus of Luxembourg the title of the Duke of Milan

1450 · extinction of the Visconti family, the family Sforza takes over the Duchy of Milan

1499 · France intervenes in Northern Italy, the Duchy of Milan becomes a French estate

1512 · Parma gets separated by the Pope as a duchy from the Duchy of Milan

1525 · Emperor Karl V. defeats the French interventors near Pavia

1535 · the Duchy of Milan gets subordinated under a Spanish-Habsburg proconsul

1701–1714 · Spanish heritage succession war

1714 · peace treaty of Utrecht, the Duchy of Milan becomes an Austrian-Habsburg estate

1797 · after the conquest by French troops the Duchy of Milan gets dissolved and incorporated into Napolèonic satellite states

1815 · Vienna Congress, Austria purchases Venice and the Lombardy (Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia)

1859 · Austro-French War, after the battles of Magenta and Solferino Austria has to cede Lombardy, including Bergamo and Brescia to France

1860 · France exchanges the Lombardy against Savoy and the County of Nice with Sardinia-Piedmont, Lombardy becomes in this way a part of Sardinia-Piedmont and thus a part of the in 1861 by the House of Savoy (the ruling dynasty of Sardinia-Piedmont) founded Kingdom of Italy

17th of March 1861 · coronation of Victor Emmanuel II. of Sardinia-Piedmont to the King of the Kingdom of Italy

1946 · establishment of the Lombardy region as administration unit

Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, Wikipedia (D), World Statesmen


Origin of the Country's Name

The name "Lombardy" goes back to the Lombards. They came originally from the today's southern Sweden, settled later along the lower reaches of the Elbe river, and came in the 6th century to northern Italy. The name of the Lombards is often associated in connection with the idea of "long beards", and the legends seem to confirm this, however, the word goes back to the long-handled battle axes, called "long bards".

Source: Handbuch der geographischen Namen



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