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Upper Austria




Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Map of the federal countries of Austria

Map of the former crown lands of Austria-Hungary (to 1918)

Numbers and Facts


Origin of the Country's Name


Flagge Fahne flag Landesflagge Landesfarben colours colors Oberösterreich Upper Austria Österreich ob der Enns Austria above the Enns
Flag of the country (Colours of the country),
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D),
Colour, by: Dr. Peter Diem

Flagge Fahne flag Landesflagge Landesfarben colours colors Oberösterreich Upper Austria Österreich ob der Enns Austria above the Enns State flag state flag Official flag official flag
Official flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D),
Colour, by: Dr. Peter Diem


Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The flag of Upper Austria shows two stripes in white and red and was officially confirmed last on 25th of April in 1949. The colours of the flag are derived from the colours of the right part of the coat of arms. The flag itself was already in use in the 19th century.

In the time of the monarchy, the country had – like all the other crown lands of the Austrian crown – its own colours (Landesfarben), which were used amongst others on horizontally two- or three-striped flags. The colours (Landesfarben) were very often taken from the respective coat of arms of the country or were supplemented by another colour, which not appears in the coat of arms, or they went back to older models of the coat of arms (e.g. Carniola). Officially, the colours had never been regulated or stipulated, so that their sequence varied in practice or even the colors deviated. The Austrian heraldist Hugo Gerard Ströhl (1851–1919) was probably the first to take care of it and asked for the colors (Landesfarben) on the flags at the respective state authorities around 1890 and compiled them. For Austria above the Enns (Upper Austria), white and red were ascertained as the country's colors of the crown land.

Austria joined the German Empire in 1938 as one country. The federal structures played no role, they were completely replaced by the NSDAP districts (NS-Gau), the countries were abolished. From now on, offices and authorities had to use the empire's official flag. The corresponding national colors may still have exist, but not in the form of flags. They may have been used sporadically on SA uniforms or in some ranks of the Hitler Youth in the chest cord.

The flags of the federal countries of Austria are used with or without the coat of arms. For official use, however, they always show it. The general population is permitted to use this format as well.

There do not seem to be any legal regulations for the colours of the flags of the Austrian federal states; since they are apparently not defined, they are reproduced in practice within a usual standard range. However, the Austrian publicist and media scientist Dr. Peter Diem gives recommendations for the reproduction of the colours: For Upper Austria, a bright red, most likely corresponding to Pantone 179.

Source: Dr. Peter Diem, Wikipedia (D), Flaggen Enzyklopädie, Volker Preuß, Österreichisch-Ungarische Wappenrolle


Coat of Arms

Wappen coat of arms Oberösterreich Upper Austria
since 1920,
Coat of arms of Upper Austria
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)

Wappen coat of arms Erzherzogtum Österreich ob der Enns Archduchy Austria above the Enns Oberösterreich Upper Austria
Coat of arms of the Archduchy of Austria above the Enns,
Source, by: Ströhl, Wappenrolle Österreich-Ungarns, 1890, via Wikipedia (D)


Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The today's blazon of Upper Austria equals the blazon of the former crown land. It shows a divided shield: to the left a golden eagle in black, the right field is fourfold vertical divided between the colours white and red. Already as an Habsburg crown land the coat of arms showed above the Austrian ducal crown. This has been maintained until today. The Austrian heraldist Hugo Gerard Ströhl surrounded the coat of arms ca. 1890, in its last known version, with for the country typical flora. For the Archduchy of Austria above the Enns (Upper Austria) this has been most fruit, to emphasize the importance of the country as a fruit-growing region.

Source: Wikipedia (D), Flaggen Enzyklopädie, Österreichisch-Ungarische Wappenrolle



The federal countries of Austria:
interaktive Landkarte – interactive Map
Source: Volker Preuß


Carinthia (Kärnten)

Lower Austria (Niederösterreich)

Upper Austria (Oberösterreich)


Styria (Steiermark)

Tyrol (Tirol)


Vienna (Wien)


Former crown lands of Austria-Hungary (to 1918)

Map ca. 1910:
interaktive Landkarte – interactive Map
Source: Volker Preuß


Numbers and Facts

Area: 4.625 square miles

Inhabitants: 1.482.100 (2019)

Density of Population: 320 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: Linz, 205.750 inh. (2019)

official Language: German

Currency: 1 Euro = 100 Cent

Time Zone: MEZ

Source: Wikipedia (D)



antiquity · in the today’s Upper Austria settle Raetians and Celts

since 14 B.C. · Roman conquest of the territories southern the Danube River, establishment of the Province of Noricum

166–168 · invasions of the Teutonic tribes of the Marcomans, Quades and Langobards

233 · invasions of the Quades

254 · invasions of the Marcomans

409–452 · invasions of the Huns

476 · dismissal of the last Roman emperor Romulus Augustulus, end of the (West)Roman Empire, the today's Upper Austria belongs until 553 to the Empires of the Goth and the Langobardes, settlement by Bayuvares

788 · conquest by the Frankish Empire of the Carolingians

795 · establishment of the "Awarian Mark"

843/870/880 · at the division of the Frankish Empire comes the Awarian Mark to the East Frankish Empire (later named German Empire)

900–955 · invasions of the Hungarians

955 · Battle on the Lech-Field, victory over the Hungarians, formation of the Bavarian Ostmark, in 996 for the first time named "Ostarrîchi"

976 · establishment of the Duchy of Carinthia, of the Margraviate of Ostmark (Austria), Styria and Carniola, the Counties of Tyrol and Goerz, the Arch Diocese of Salzburg, the Diocese of Trient and the Patriarchate of Aquileia

976 · the House of Babenberg becomes to Margraves of the Ostmark

1156 · Austria (Oesterreich/Ostmark) becomes a duchy

1246 · vanish of the Babenbergs, Austria and Steiermark come to the Bohemian Premyslides

1273 · Rudolf of Habsburg becomes German King

1278 · Rudolf of Habsburg beats the Bohemian Premyslides and acquires Austria and Steiermark

1458 · administrative partition of the Duchy of Austria in "Austria below der Enns" (Lower Austria) and "Austria above the Enns" (Upper Austria), the status as a consistent Duchy of Austria remains untouched

1683 · repulse of the Turks at Vienna

1848/1849 · revolution, new constitution: the titular hereditary territories of the Habsburgs in the Austrian Empire become converted to crown lands with their own Landtag (parliament), Lower Austria and Upper Austria become in this way each a crown land of the Empire of Austria

12th of November 1918 · proclamation of German Austria to the Republic of Austria, Lower Austria and Upper Austria become Austrian federal countries

13th of March 1938 · Annexation of Austria to the German Empire, the NS-Gau "Oberdonau" (Upper Danube) takes the place of Upper Austria

27th of April 1945 · proclamation of the Republic of Austria "Second Republic", Lower Austria and Upper Austria become again Austrian federal countries, but Upper Austria stays occupied by US-american troops and in the north by Soviet troops until 1955

1955 · withdrawal of the occupation troops

Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, Wikipedia (D), World Statesmen, RetroBib Retrobibliothek, Discovery '97, Volker Preuß


Origin of the Country's Name

"Upper Austria" was originally named "Austria above der Enns" what points out to the Enns River. It is a part of the frontier between Upper Austria and Lower Austria (Austria below the Enns). The modern designationd für the both parts of the Arch-Duchy of Austria should been arised in the beginning of the 20th century.

Source: Handbuch der geographischen Namen, Atlas der wahren Namen


Further Austria pages (historical flags and coats of arms):

Empire of the Austrian Habsburgs (to 1804)

Empire of Austria (1814–1867)

Austria-Hungary (1867–1918)

Republic of Austria (since 1918)


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