mobile View, to the German Version tap the flag

 

Czechoslovakia

 

Contents

Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia
1918–1920,
National flag of Czechoslovakia,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia
1920–1992,
National flag of Czechoslovakia,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia Patrouillenboote patrol boats
1935–1939, 1945–1955,
Flag of the patrol boats,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Standarte Flagge Fahne flag Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia Präsident President
1990–1992,
Standard of the President of Czechoslovakia,
Source, by: Flags of the World, Wikipedia (D)




Flagge Fahne flag Farben colours colors Böhmen Tschechen Czechs
19th century,
Bohemian colours of the Czechs,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flaggen und Wappen der Welt




Flagge Fahne flag Farben colours colors Mähren Moravia Morava Mährer Moravians
19th century,
Colours of the Slavs in Moravia,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flaggen und Wappen der Welt




Flagge Fahne flag Farben colours colors Slowaken Slovaks Slowakei Slovakia
since 1868,
Colours of the Slovaks,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flaggen und Wappen der Welt




Flagge Fahne flag Tschechische Republik Tschechoslowakei
1990–1992,
Flag of the Czech Republic within Czechoslovakia,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Slowakische Republik Tschechoslowakei
1990–1992,
Flag of the Slovak Republic within Czechoslovakia,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World



hoch/up


Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The flag of Czechoslovakia was introduced on 30th of March in 1920, and was taken over as flag of Czechia in preparation for the separation of Slovakia on 17th of December in 1992. It shows two horizontal stripes in white and red and on the pole a blue until the middle of the flag reaching isosceles triangle. The colours white and red are the since the 12th century known Bohemian colours (white lion on red), the blue triangle should represent Slovakia.

Many Slavic nations create on the 19th century own flags – in context with a growing Slavic nationalism. Thereby played the Panslavism an important roll, a political movement of the 18th/19th century, which would unite all Slavs in one nation. The most Slavic nations however lived in this times under Austrian, Turkish or even German rule. The Panslavism saw in Russia a model, because the Russians were, apart from Montenegro, the only free Slavic nation. In this way the colours of the Russian flag became to an idol of the Panslavists, and in the end to a colour's pattern in the designing of the flags of many Slavic nations. Those flags carried and carry except few exceptions the Russian colours white, blue and red as mutual attribute. From there this colour's combination is named "Panslavic Colours". The three colours had been shown for the first time in the year 1848 on the Slavic Congress in Prague, but in a lengthwise striped tricolour. They represented the Czech and the Slovaks. The Slavs in Moravia finally preferred the horizontal colour combination of white, red and blue, which can also be traced back to the old (and nowadays reused coat of arms of Moravia) from before 1462.

Anyhow was introduced as the first flag of Czechoslovakia, in recomendation of the national council of Czechoslovakia, a horizontally striped bicolour in the bohemian colours white and red on 28th of October in 1918, the day of founding of the state. But the new neighbouring states of Czechoslovakia, Austria and also Poland, used the same colours, so that it was necessary to bring about a better differentiation. Moreover Slovakia was not represented in the existing flag. Because of that was – after many debates – officially introduced the well known flag of Czechoslovakia on 30th of March in 1920.

Source: Flags of the World, Die Welt der Flaggen, Flaggen und Wappen der Welt

hoch/up


Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms blazon Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia
1920–1938, 1945–1960,
Lesser coat of arms of Czechoslovakia
Source, by: See page for author / CC BY-SA


Wappen coat of arms blazon Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia
1918–1938, 1945–1960,
Greater coat of arms of Czechoslovakia,
Source, by: Shazz / CC BY-SA


Wappen coat of arms blazon Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia
1918–1938, 1945–1960,
Escutcheon of the greater coat of arms of Czechoslovakia,
Source, by: Shazz / CC BY-SA


Wappen blazon coat of arms blazon coat of arms Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia
1920–1939, 1945–1960,
Middle coat of arms of Czechoslovakia,
Source, nach: See page for author / CC BY-SA


Wappen coat of arms blazon Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia Böhmen und Mähren Bohemia and Moravia
1939–1945,
Greater coat of arms of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia,
Source, by: Fornax / Public domain


Wappen coat of arms blazon Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia
1960–1990,
Lesser coat of arms of Czechoslovakia,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)


Wappen coat of arms blazon Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia
1960–1990,
Greater coat of arms of Czechoslovakia,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)


Wappen coat of arms blazon Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia
1990–1992,
Coat of arms of Czechoslovakia,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)


Wappen coat of arms blazon Tschechoslowakei Czechoslovakia Präsident president
1990–1992,
Coat of arms of Czechoslovakia on the standard of the president,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)

hoch/up


Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The greater and partially the lesser coat of arms of Czechoslovakia showed (except between the years 1960 and 1990) always the heraldry of the many historic regions which had been merged to Czechoslovakia in 1918: Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, Slovakia, Carpatho-Ukraine, Teschen, Troppau and Ratibor. The lesser coat of arms combined mostly the double-tailed bohemian lion with a chest shield which contained the historic coat of arms of Slovakia, except between the years 1960 and 1990. The Motto in the banner was: "Pravda vitezi", since 1990 even in Latin: "Veritas vincit" → "The truth will win".

Source: Wikipedia (EN), Volker Preuß

hoch/up


Numbers and Facts

Area (1983): 49.373 square miles

Inhabitants: 15.400.000 (1983), thereof 64% Czech and Moravians, 31% Slovaks, 3,8% Hungarians, 0,4% Polish, 0,4% Germans, 0,3% Ukrainians, 0,1% Russians

Density of Population: 312 inh./sq.mi. (1983)

Capital: Prag (Engl.: Prague, Czech: Praha), 1.200.000 inh. (1983)

official Languagen: Czech, Slovakian

other Languages: German, Hungarian

Currency: 1 Czechoslovakian Koruna (Krone, Kcs) = 100 Háleru (Heller)

Time Zone: GMT + 1 h

Source: Länder der Erde

hoch/up


History

History of Bohemia to 1918 (→ click here)
History of Moravia to 1918 (→ click here)
History of Austrian Silesia to 1918 (→ click here)
History of Slovakia (→ click here)
History of Carpatho-Ukraine (→ click here)

28th of October 1918 · formation of Czechoslovakia by merger of Bohemia, Moravia, Austrian Silesia, Slovakia and the Carpatho-Ukraine

29th of September 1938 · Czechoslovakia cedes Sudetenland to the German Empire

2nd of October 1938 · Poland occupys and annexes the Teschener Land

14th of March 1939 · the Slovak People's Party proclaims under Josef Tiso (1887–1947) the Slovakian Republic, disintegration of Czechoslovakia, Carpatho-Ukraine bekommes annexed by Hungary

15th of March 1939 · invasion of German troops, establishment of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

9th of May 1945 · takeover by ex-president Beneš, restoration of Czechoslovakia

1945–1948 · expulsion of 2,75 millions of Germans and hundred thousends of Hungarians with hundred thousends of dead persons

1946 · elections, 38% votes for the communists

1948 · elimination of the civic wing, withdrawal of Beneš, communist seizure of power

1968 · reform movement, "Prague Spring", suppressed by force by Soviet troops

24th of November 1989 · resignation of the communist government

9th of June 1990 · elections

1992 · arrangements for dissolution of Czechoslovakia

1st of January 1993 · disintegration of Czechoslovakia, independence for Czechia and Slovakia

Source: Wikipedia (D), World Statesmen, Discovery '97, Weltgeschichte

hoch/up


Origin of the Country's Name

The name "Czechoslovakia" merges the two geographic terms "Czechia" and "Slovakia" to one word.

Source: Volker Preuß

hoch/up


 

to start page click here