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Guinea

 

Contents

Flag

Historical Flag

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Aircraft Roundel

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flag

Flagge Fahne flag National flag Merchant flag Guinea
National flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)



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Historical Flag

Flagge Fahne national flag Guinea Präsident president
to 1984,
Flag of the President,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The flag was officially introduced on 10th of November in 1958. It is divided into three vertical stripes and is with this orientated in the flag of the mother-land France - in the Tricolor - in this way done in many former French colonies. The colour red stands for the in the fight for freedom given blood, yellow stands for the sun and the natural resources of the land, green stands for the vegetation and the agriculture. The colors are defined as follows: red = Pantone 032, yellow = Pantone 109, green = Pantone 355. The combination of the colours green, yellow and red in the today's flag are the Pan-African colours: Perhaps in 1900 was the beginning of the Panafrica-Movement, wich wants to emphasize the commons of all people with black skin. For the political unity of Africa stands the colour-triad green-yellow-red, wich used many african countries in their flags after the independence. The first country was Ghana in 1957. As the origin apply the colours of Ethiopia (Abessinia), the oldest independent state in Africa.

Source: Wikipedia (D), Die Welt der Flaggen, Flaggen Wappen Hymnen, Flags of the World

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Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Guinea
since 1997,
Coat of arms of Guinea,
Source, by: Wikipedia (FR)


Wappen coat of arms Guinea
1984–1993,
Coat of arms of Guinea,
Source, by: Corel Draw 4, Wikipedia (FR)


Wappen coat of arms Guinea
1958–1984,
Coat of arms of Guinea,
Source, by: Flags of the World, Wikipedia (FR)

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

As Guinea get independent in the year 1958, was introduced a coat of arms in the colours red, green and yellow. These are the Pan-African colours, but even the colours of the Parti Democratique de Guinee (PDG), those party which Guinea lead into the independence. The blazon was vertically clefted in red and yellow and thereupon was layed down a green elephant. The elephant was named "Sili" and descends from the emblem of the PDG. Above the blazon a green pigeon with an olive twig in the mouth. The remaining border of the blazon was surrounded by a green ribbon which below the blazon showed the motto of the state: "Travail - Justice - Solidarité" → "Work - Justice - Solidarity". The today's coat of arms was introduced in the year 1985 in result of a change of government in 1984. To do it was changed the hitherto coat of arms like in the following: The elephant was removed, it's place took sword and rifle crossed in front of a tall olive twig, which the now to the left flying white pigeon holds still in her mouth. The blazon carrys now on it's underneath end an elongation in the colours of the country, which reachs now to the simplifyed now white saying-ribbon. The motto of the state remained untouched. Another change was made in 1997. The green and red shield became white, the weapons were removed, the dove and the banner became golden.

Source: Wikipedia (D), Die Welt der Flaggen, Flaggen Wappen Hymnen, Wikipedia (FR)

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Aircraft Roundel

Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel Guinea
Aircraft Roundel,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)

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Map

Location:

Source: CIA World Factbook

Map of the country:

Source: CIA World Factbook

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 94.925 square miles

Inhabitants: 12.530.000 (2020), thereof 33% Fulbe, 30% Mandingo (Malinke), 21% Susu a.m.o.

Religions: 85% Muslim, 8% Christians, 7% Animist

Density of Population: 132 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: Conacry, 1.667.864 inh. (2014)

official Language: French

other Languages: Malinke, Pular-Fulbe, Soussou

Currency: 1 Guinean Franc (GNF, F.G.) = 100 Cauris

Time Zone: GMT

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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History

9th–13th cent. · parts of the today's Guinea belong to the Ghana Empire

13th–14th cent. · parts of the today's Guinea belong to the Mali Empire, the Islam gains Guinea

1450–1460 · the coast of Guinea is discovered and explored by the Portugese, Portugal establishes stations upon the Rio Pongo and on Matakong Island and stands there to the 18th century

15th–16th cent. · the area of the today's Guinea belongs to the Fulbe Empire

16th cent. · the Fulbe retire in the region of Fouta Djalon between the river Niger and the coast and convert to the Islam

1725 · establishment of the islamic Fulbe theocracy of Fouta Djalon

1808–1816 · Great Britain establishes missions and merchant bases on the Los Islands an upon Rio Pongo

1820 · French merchants reach the coast of Guinea and came as competitors to the British

1850–1866 · Frenchmen and the British contract "protection and friendship treaties" with the coastal population

1866 · France succeeds in establishing the military outposts of Boké (Rio Nunez), Boffa (Rio Pongo) and Benty (Mellacorée) on the mainland by treaties. The Los Islands however remain under British influence.

1870 · in the outback (eastern the river Niger) establishes the Malinke State of Ouassoulou

1882–1896 · subjection of the whole coast of Guinea (Rivières-du-Sud) by France

1893 · formation of the French Guinea Colony

1896–1897 · subjection of Fouta Djalon by France

1898 · subjection of Ouassoulou by France

1904 · the British cede the Los Islands to the Frenchmen, affiliation of French Guinea to French Western Afrika

1946 · formation of the Overseas Territory

1947 · foundation of the PDG (Parti Democratique de Guinee)

1957 · partial autonomy

2nd of October in 1958 · independence under president Sekou Touré (PDG)

1963 · introduction of the Guinea Franc as new currency

1972 · introduction of the Syli as new currency

1984 · death of Touré, military coup d'état

1991 · new constitution, re-introduction of the Guinea Franc as new currency

1993 · first, however disputed, democratic presidency elections

1995 · elections for a new parliament within a multi-party-system

1999–2000 · conflicts with Liberia

2008 · military coup d'état

2021 · military coup d'état

Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, Discovery '97, Weltgeschichte, Wikipedia (D)

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Origin of the Country's Name

The name "Guinea" goes back to the Berber word "aguinaou", what means "blacks" and referred originally to all residents of the West African coast from Senegal to Gabon.

Source: Handbuch der geographischen Namen

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