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Kazakhstan

 

Contents

Flags

Historical Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Aircraft Roundel

Map

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag National flag Kasachstan Kazakhstan
National and merchant flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Official flag zur See official flag at sea Kasachstan Kazakhstan
Official flag at sea,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of all Nations




Marine Flagge Fahne naval flag Naval flag Kasachstan Kazakhstan
Naval flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Marine Flagge Fahne flag Heer army Kasachstan Kazakhstan
Flag of the army,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Marine Flagge Fahne flag Luftwaffe air force Kasachstan Kazakhstan
Flag of the air force,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Marine Flagge Fahne naval flag Präsident president Kasachstan Kazakhstan
Flag of the president,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Various, Public domain,
via Wikimedia Commons



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Historical Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Sowjet Soviet Kasachstan Kazakhstan
1937–1940,
Flag of the Kazakh Socialistic Soviet Republic,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Wikipedia (DE)




Flagge Fahne flag Sowjet Soviet Kasachstan Kazakhstan
1940–1953,
Flag of the Kazakh Socialistic Soviet Republic,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Wikipedia (DE)





Flagge Fahne flag Sowjet Soviet Kasachstan Kazakhstan
1953–1991,
Flag of the Kazakh Socialistic Soviet Republic,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Wikipedia (DE)




look also:
Flag history of the soviet republics of the USSR

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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Some regions in the North of the today's Kazakhstan became dependent on Russia in 1731, further areas in the today's south of the country came to the Russian Empire in 1868 and were affiliated with the Governor-Generalship of Turkestan. After the bolshevist Lenin coup in Russia, the Region was embattled for some time, also the Kazakhs proclaimed their own Republic. Finally, the Soviet Power was established and the Kyrgyz Autonomous Soviet Republic was formed from the Northern Territories, and the southern Territories came to the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Republic. In 1925, the Kyrgyz ASSR was renamed in Kazakh ASSR and the northern Parts of the Turkestan ASSR were annexed. For the separate Soviet Republics and Autonomous Soviet Republics, which joined or had to join the USSR until 1937, were initially adoped only simple red flags, which mostly showed in golden letters the abbreviation of the name (z.B. TCCP oder T.C.C.P.) of the Soviet republic in Latin, Cyrillic or even other typeface. In 1937 these flags get mostly added by golden hammer, sickle and star. Between 1949 and 1954 the flags of the Soviet republics, get, often by help of native artists, a complete new design. In this way every Soviet republic received its own, individual designed flag, however without to disclaim on the one hand to the color red as dominating color, and on the other hand to the symbols of hammer, sickle and star. The today's flag of Kazakhstan was introduced on 4th of June in 1992. It is a pale blue bunting with a vertical golden ornamental stripe near the pole. The center of the flag shows a golden sun and underneath a flying golden eagle, its outspread wings encircle the sun from below. The two most important colours of the flag, the light blue and the gold are indicated with Pantone 3125 and Pantone 102. Pale blue is the traditional colour of the Turko-Mongolian nations. It symbolizes the ethnical affiliation of the population of the country, and in context with the golden sun the warm summers of the country under the blue heaven. The Colour stands on the Kazakh flag also for Prosperity, Peace and Unity. Berkut steppe egale stands for Generosity, acumen and nobleness. In the past the eagle was trained for hunting purposes, and stands in this wise even for a traditional way of life.

Source: Wikipedia (D), Flaggen-Atlas Erde, National flagn der Welt, Flaggen und Coat of arms of the Welt

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Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Kasachstan Kazakhstan
since 1992,
Coat of arms of Kazakhstan,
Source: Bingread [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


Wappen coat of arms Kasachstan Kazakhstan
1939–1978,
Coat of arms of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republi,
Source: TheSign 1998, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons


Wappen coat of arms Kasachstan Kazakhstan
1978–1991,
Coat of arms of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republi,
Source: Jam123, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

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Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The today's coat of arms (national emblem9 of Kazakhstan was introduced in 1992 and shows a Shanyrak Yurt in its centre, whose struts meet the yurt like rays of sunlight coming from all sides, what stands for homeland and cosmos. On the left and right you see a mystical horse – which embodies tradition – and on top a five-pointed star. It stands for noble thoughts and longings. At the bottom, a banner shows the name of the country in Cyrillic script.

Source: Flaggen und Coat of arms of the Welt

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Aircraft Roundel


Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel Kasachstan Kazakhstan
Aircraft Roundel,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)

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Map

Location:

Source: CIA World Factbook

Map of the country:

Source: CIA World Factbook

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 1.052.085 square miles

Inhabitants: 18.877.128 (2021), thereof 68% Kazakhs, 19% Russians, 3% Uzbeks, 1% Ukainians, 1% Germans, 1% Tatars

Religions: 70% Muslim, 26% Christians, 3% Non-Religious

Density of Population: 18 inh./sq.mi.

Capital (since 1997): Nur-Sultan, 1.184.469 inh. (2021), History of the Names of Nur-Sultan: to 1961 Akmolinsk, 1961–1991 Zelinograd, 1992–1998 Akmola, 1998–2019 Astana

Capital (to 1997): Almaty, 1.977.011 inh. (2021), History of the Names of Almaty: 1867–1921 Werny, 1921–1993 Alma-Ata

official Languages: Kazakh, Russian

other Languages: Uighur, German

Currency: 1 Tenge (KZT) = 100 Tiyn

Time Zone: GMT + 5 h to + 6 h

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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History

6th cent. · settlement by diverse Turkish peoples

10th cent. · rule of the Karakhanids

1089 · partial conquest by the Seljuqs

1219 · conquest and rule by the Mongols under Dschinghis Khan

1227–1280 · the region of the today's Kazakhstan belongs to the Empire of the Tshagatai, son of Dschinghis Khan

14th cent. · with the decay of the Mongolian empires comes into being in the region of the today's Kazakhstan the Khanate of Mogolistan, later disintegration into three Kazakh hordes

1731 · Russia subjects the northern and western outskirts of the Kazakh region

1824–1853 · Russia conquers the whole Kazakh region

1832 · foundation of Akmolinsk

1854 · foundation of Fort Werny

1865 · formation of the Governor-Generalship of Turkestan, in this way annexion to Russia

19th–20th cent. · deliberated settlement by Russian and German farmers for development of new agricultural areas

1917–1920 · civil war between Bolshevists, Anti-Bolshevists and Kazakh nationalists, proclamation of the Republic of Kazakhstan

1920 · establishment of the Soviet Dictatorship, foundation of the Kirghiz Autonomous Socialistic Soviet Republic (within Soviet Russia – Russian Socialistic Federative Soviet Republic) on the territory of the today's Kazakhstan

1921 · rename of Fort Werny in Alma-Ata

1925 · rename of the Kirghiz Autonomous Socialistic Soviet Republic in Kazakh Autonomous Socialistic Soviet Republic (within Soviet Russia)

1929 · Alma-Ata becomes capital of the Kazakh Autonomous Socialistic Soviet Republic

1930 · soviet collectivation program, deliberated settlement by Russiand → death of ca. one million Kazakhs

1932 · the Karakalpak Autonomous Socialistic Soviet Republic (Karakalpak ASSR) becomes separated from the Kazakh Autonomous Socialistic Soviet Republic and annexed to the RSFSR (Soviet Russia)

1936 · elevation of the Kazakh Autonomous Socialistic Soviet Republic (as a part of Soviet Russia) to the Kazakh Socialistic Soviet Republic (as a part of the Soviet Union)

1941–1945 · forced settlement of hundred thousends of Russia-Germans, Tatars and Jews in the Kazakh prairies, because of alleged collaboration with Germany

1954–1960 · senseless agricultural reforms bring rising mismanagement, further deliberated settlement by Russians

1957 · the enforced resettled nations is it allowed to return partially, however not the Germans

1959 · in Kazakhstan live more Russians as Kazakhs, as a result of that get resettled Kazakhs from other republics of the Soviet Union

1961 · rename of Akmolinsk in Zelinograd

1986 · anti-Russian riotings in Alma-Ata

1990 · declaration of independence (withdrawal from the Soviet Union)

1991 · the independence of Kazakhstan is recognized

1992 · rename of Zelinograd in Akmola

1993 · introduction of a new constitution and a new currency

1995 · introduction of a new constitution, beginning with the expulsion/emigration of the Russians and Germans

1997 · support pact between Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan

1997 · transfer of the capital from Alma-Ata to Akmola

1998 · rename of Akmola in Astana

2019 · rename of Astana in Nur-Sultan

Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, World Statesmen, Die Völker der Erde, Wikipedia (DE)

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Origin of the Country's Name

The country's name derives from the Kazakhs, a Turkic people who have lived here since the 15th century. It was formed around 1450 by secession from the Uzbek Khanate. The name of the Kazakhs goes back to the Old Turkic word "qasaq", which means "steppe rider".

Source: Atlas der wahren Namen

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