mobile View, to the German Version tap the flag

 

Morocco

 

Contents

Flags

historical Flags

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

Aircraft Roundel

Maps

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name

The Republic of the Rif



Flags

Flagge Fahne flag Nationalflagge national flag Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija
National flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Handelsflagge merchant flag Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija
Merchant flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Marineflagge naval flag Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija
Naval flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Gösch jack Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija
Naval jack,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag Standarte standard Banner Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija König king
Standard of the Sultan,
Source, by: Flags of the World



hoch/up


historical Flags

Flagge Fahne flag flag Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija
16th cent. – 1915,
National flag,
Source, by: Flags of the World, Flaggen aller Seefahrenden Nationen




Flagge Fahne flag flag Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija
1810 – ca.1850,
meantime flag (doubtful)




French Morocco:

Flagge Fahne flag Nationalflagge national flag Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija
1915–1956
National flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag flag Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija Französisch-Marokko French Morocco
1923–1956,
Merchant flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World, Wikipedia (EN)




Flagge Fahne flag flag Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija Französisch-Marokko French Morocco Sultan
Standard of the Sultan,
Source, by: Flaggenbuch 1939




Spanish Morocco:

Flagge Fahne flag flag Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija
1915–1956,
National flag,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)




Flagge Fahne flag flag Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija Spanisch-Marokko Spanish Morocco
1937–1956,
Merchant flag,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Flags of the World, Wikipedia (EN)




Flagge Fahne flag flag Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija Spanisch-Marokko Spanish Morocco
Standard of the Calif,
Source, by: Flags of the World




Flagge Fahne flag flag Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija Spanisch-Marokko Spanish Morocco
1945–1956,
Flag of the Spanish High Commissioner,
Source, by: Die Welt im bunten Flaggenbild



hoch/up


Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Die heutige Flagge Marokkos wurde am 17.11.1915, durch Hinzufügung des grünen Pentagramms in der Mitte der roten Landesflagge, zunächst nur als Flagge für die Streitkräfte des Sultans, offiziell eingeführt. Dies soll auf Veranlassung des französischen Marschalls Lyautey geschehen sein, um die marokkanischen Truppen besser als Verbündete identifizieren zu können. Andere Quellen nennen jedoch Sultan Mulai Jussuf als Initiator für die Ergänzung des Pentagramms. Über den Ursprung oder die Bedeutung des Pentagramms selbst ist nichts bekannt, außer dass es sich um eine fünfzackige Variante des Siegels Salomons handelt. Als Marokko 1956 unabhängig wurde, hat man The today's flag of Morocco was officially introduced on 17th of November in 1915 – initially only as flag for the army of the Sultan – by addition of the green pentagram in the middle of the red flag od the country. This should have been done by inducement of the French Marshal Lyautey to identify better the Moroccan troops as allies. But other sources mention Sultan Mulai Jussuf as initiator for the addition of the pentagram. About the origin or the meaning of the pentagram itself is nothing known except that it is a five-pointed variant of the Seal of Salomon. As Morocco became independent in 1956 this flag was maintained as national flag.

In the colonial time – between 1923 and 1956 – French-Morocco used the red flag with the pentagram completed by the French Tricolor in the upper staff quadrant as merchant flag. The merchant flag of Spanish-Morocco was introduced not until 1937. It was likewise single-coloured red, but had a green upper staff quadrant with the Seal of Salomo in white.

The flag of Morocco is already since more than 300 years a single-coloured red bunting. The colour red should symbolize the demand of the royal family for their descent from of prophet. The Alawite's Dynasty claims to descent over Fatima and Ali directly from the Prophet Mohammed. The sovereign carrys the honor-title Emir EI-Muminin "Leader of the Believers".

Red is even in the region of the Indian Ocean a flag color with a great tradition and wide dissemination, from the coasts of Arabia, over Zansibar to the Maldives, which stands in dense context to the islam. Red flags had and have all islamic dynasties, which come from the Alawites (Alides, descentants of Ali) like today Morokko or former North Yemen, the Arabian Emirates and Oman. Oman incorporated till 1730 the african eastern coast, to an in the today Mocambique. They moved their capital to Zansibar (1830) and founded a new empire which had its red flag, too.

Source: Flags of the World, Die Welt der Flaggen

hoch/up


Coat of Arms


Wappen coat of arms Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija
Coat of arms of Morocco,
Source, by: Corel Draw 4, Jürgen Kaltschmitt

hoch/up


Meaning/Origin of the Coat of Arms

The present coat of arms of the state (actually coat of arms of the King) was introduced on 14th of August in 1957. It was created by the graphic artists Gauthier and Hainaut and shows a green pentagram on red infront of the Atlas Mountains and a rising sun. Above the royal crown. Two lions function as shield supporters. On a banner beneath the Arabic inscription: "If you help God, he will as well help you" (Koran, verse 7, sura 47).

Source: Flaggen Wappen Hymnen, Flaggen und Wappen der Welt

hoch/up


Aircraft Roundel


Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija
Aircraft roundel,
Source: Wikipedia (EN)

Flugzeugkokarde Kokarde aircraft roundel Marokko Morocco Maroc Al Maghrib Al-Maghrib Maghribija
Aircraft roundel for naval aviation,
Source: Wikipedia (EN)

hoch/up


Maps

Position:

Source: CIA World Factbook


Source: CIA World Factbook

hoch/up


Numbers and Facts

Area: 172.413 square miles, with Western Sahara (click here): 275.116 sq.mi.

Inhabitants: 33.986.655 inh. (2017), with Western Sahara 34.589.908 inh., Structure: 44% Arabs, 45% Berbers, 10% Haratin (Black Africans), 1% Europeans

Density of Population: ca. 197 inh./sq.mi. (2017)

Religions: 98,7% Muslim, 0,1% Christian

Capital: Rabat (Er Rabât, Ar Ribat), 573.895 Ew. (2014)

official Language: Arabic

other Languages: Berber languages, French, Spanish

Currency: 1 Dirham (MAD) = 100 Centimes

Time Zone: GMT + 1 h

Source: Wikipedia (D)

hoch/up


History

42 A.D. · the on the territory of the today's Morocco situated Kingdom of Mauretania becomes as Mauretania Tingitana (Tingis = Tanger) province of the Roman Empire

395 · at the partition of the Roman Empire Mauretania comes to the West Roman Empire

429 · invasion of the Vandals from Spain, but those move on in direction of Tunisia, Mauretania remains in looser dependence from the Empire of the Vandals

533–534 · the Empire of the Vandals becomes conquered by the East Roman Empire (Byzantium), Mauretania becomes dependent from Byzantium

647–700 · subjection by the Arabic Califate, Islamization

986–1062 · reign of the Arabic dynasties of the Idrisides and the Fatimides

1062–1269 · reign of the Arabic dynasties of the Almoravides and Almohades (incl. Spain)

1269–1546 · reign of the Arabic dynasty of the Sherifes of Tafilâlt (descent from Ali, son-in-law of Mohammed)

1415 · conquest of Ceuta by the Portugese

1471 · conquest of Tanger by the Portugese

1497 · conquest of Melilla by the Spanish

1664 · establishment of the today's dynasty of the Alawite Sultans

1844 · military quarrels with France

1859–1860 · Spanish-Moroccan War, Spain occupys Tetouan

1904 · France starts the colonial development

1905 · First Morocco Crisis, the German Empire demands claims in Morocco

1911 · Second Morocco Crisis, the German Empire demands claims in Morocco again and sends the gunboat "Panther" → Panther Jump

1912 · France and Spain establish their protectorates in Morocco (Spain: a.) Oueddra Stripe in the south of Morocco, b.) Span. North Morocco – France: whole central Morocco), the German Empire recognizes the French protectorate in interchange with territories in Cameroon

1921–1926 · revolt of the Rif Kabyls under Abd el-Krim in Spanish Morocco, proklamation of the Republic of the Rif

1923 · Tanger becomes an international zone

1942 · in the Second World War debark allied troops in Morocco

1944 · foundation of the Istiklal Independence Party

1953 · the Sultan gets banished out of the country by France

1955 · the Sultan is allowed to return to Morocco

2nd of March 1956 · independence, with it annexion of formerly Spanish Morocco (but only Rif Area), Tanger becomes given back to Morocco

1957 · the Sultan nominates hisself to King Mohammed V.

1958 · Spain gives back the Oueddra Region to Marokko

1961 · the son of Mohammed V. becomes King of Morocco as Hassan II.

1962 · Morocco becomes constitutional monarchy

1963 · military quarrels with Algeria

1969 · Spain gives back to Morocco the enclave Ifni

1970 · first elections to parliament

1971 · attempted coup d'état of armed forces

1975 · Spain disclaims for its rights in West Sahara, the right of sovereignity of West Sahara becomes internationally recognized, Morocco and Mauritania invade West Sahara

1976 · Morocco and Mauritania partition West Sahara among themselves

1979 · Mauritania gives up its part of West Sahara for the West Sahara Liberation Front "POLISARIO", Morocco annexes this area too

1984 · Treaty of Oujda between Morocco and Libya to establish a Maghreb Union

1986 · Morocco terminates the Treaty of Oujda

1999 · death of Hassan II., his son becomes King as Mohammad VI.

Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, Wikipedia (DE), Discovery '97, Weltgeschichte, Länder der Erde

hoch/up


Origin of the Country's Name

Der (europäische) Name "Marokko" leitet sich von der Stadt Marrakesch her ab, welche in der Blütezeit des Reiches im Mittelalter Capital des Landes war (Almoraviden- und Almohadenreich). Noch um 1880 wurde das Land auch "Fés und Marocco" genannt. Fés war das andere Zentrum des Landes und auch mehrfach Capital. Die Marokkaner selbst nennen ihr Land "Maghribija", also Maghreb, was "Westen" heißt, was den Westen der arabischen Welt meint.

Source: Ronald Preuß

hoch/up


The Republic of the Rif

Flagge Fahne flag Rif-Republik Republic of the Rif
1921–1926,
Flag of the Republic of the Rif,
Source, by: Wikipedia (EN)



In 1920 there was an anti-Spanish uprising of the Riffians under Abd-al-Krim in Spanish Morocco with the aim of independence from Spain. The insurgents managed to occupy about 70% of the territory of Spanish Morocco. The Rif Republic was proclaimed on 18th of September in 1921. It had about 150.000 inhabitants and the capital was Ajdir. From 1925 the country was defeated by a Franco-Spanish army and defeated in May 1926.

Source: Wikipedia (DE)

hoch/up


 

to start page click here

 

Kindly supported by: E. Hoheisel (D), Jürgen Kaltschmitt (D)