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Nagorno-Karabakh

 

Contents

Flag

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Coat of Arms

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flag

Flagge Fahne flag National flag Bergkarabachien Nagorno Karabachia Nagorno Karabakh Nagorno-Karabakh Artsakh Nagornij Karabach Arzachi Hanrapetutjun Arzach
National flag,
ratio = 1:2,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The flag of Nagorno-Karabakh is the same as the flag of Armenia, the country's inhabitants are Armenians, and it is economically linked to Armenia. To distinguish the flag, it shows an angle of ascending and descending white stairs at the flying end.

Source: Volker Preuß

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Coat of Arms



Coat of arms of Nagorno-Karabakh,
Source: Angel paez, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 4.424 square miles

Area of the formerly autonomous region: 1.699 square miles

Inhabitants: 146.600 (2013), 99% Armenians

Inhabitants of the formerly autonomous region: 188.000 (ca. 1990), 78% Armenians, 21% Azerbaijani

Religions: nowadays mostly Armenian Apostolic Christians

Density of Population: 33 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: Stepanakert (aserb. Chankendy), 55.200 inh. (2015)

official Language: Armenian

other Languages: Russian, previously also Azerbaijani

Currency: Armenian Currency

Time Zone: GMT + 4 h

Source: 1.) Wikipedia (D), 2.) Wikipedia (D)

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History

7th cent. · to the Persian empire

654 · Arabian conquest

11th cent. · Turkish conquest

13th cent. · Mongolian conquest

14th cent. · conquest by Persia

1806–1813 · conquest by Russia, the area of the today's Nagorno-Karabakh comes to the Government of Yelisavetpol (Gandsha/Kirowabad), today's western Azerbaijan

1918 · end of the First World War, establishment of the State of Armenia (on 28th of May 1918) on the area of the former Russian Governments of Yerevan and Yelisavetpol, establishment of the State of Azerbaijan (on 28th of May 1918) on the area of the former Russian Government of Baku

1920 · Soviet-Russian conquest of Azerbaijan and Armenia, the former Government of Yelisavetpol (and in this way Nagorno-Karabakh and Nakhitshevan) becomes separated from Armenia and annexed to Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan becomes a soviet republic within the der USSR (Soviet Union)

1922 · Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan become under force fusioned to the Trans-Caucasisian Federation

7th of July 1923 · establishment of the Autonomous District of the Nagorno-Karabakhians (Armenians) within Azerbaijan 1936 · dissolution of the Trans-Caucasisian Federation, once more joining of Azerbaijan to the USSR

1988 · the territorial council (soviet) of Nagorno-Karabakh demands the annexation to Armenia, because of that it comes to pogroms against Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh

1989–1994 · ethnical civil war in and for Nagorno-Karabakh, invasion of Soviet-Russian troops, it comes into being war between Armenia, Azerbaijan and Soviet-Russian troops and troops of Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan declares the autonomy-status of Nagorno-Karabakh for terminated

1990 · Nagorno-Karabakh declares itself for a republic

23th of August 1991 · Armenia declares its Unabhängigkeit from the Soviet Union

30th of August 1991 · Azerbaijan declares its Unabhängigkeit from the Soviet Union

8th of December 1991 · final disintegration of the remaining Soviet Union

1993 · troops of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh conquer large parts of Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh (now directly bordering to Armenia) becomes economical associated to Armenia but maintains the status of a republic

1994 · general cease fire

October/November 2020 · renewed fighting for the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, the Armenian and Nagorno-Karabakh troops retreat fighting from the attacks of the Azerbaijani troops (supported by Turkey and Islamist militias), and within weeks, large areas in the south of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic will be lost to Azerbaijan before the ceasefire, Russia provides a peacekeeping force

Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, Volker Preuß, 1.) Wikipedia (D), 2.) Wikipedia (D)

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Origin of the Country's Name

Nagorno-Karabakh is situated among a mountains range which is named Karabakh Mountains. As the Armenians in the Karabakh Mountains - whose territories belonged until 1920 to Armenia - got awarded autonomy within Azerbaijan in the year 1923 they had obviously to renounce as a concession to Azerbaijan for their nations name and had to name itself Nagorno-Karabakhians. In this way came into being the Autonomous District of the Nagorno-Karabakhians and later Nagorno-Karabakh. The denomination "Nagorno-Karabakh" is of Russian origin an means the "hilly Karabakh" or also the "high situated Karabakh". The Armenians itself name Nagorno-Karabakh "Artsakh". The name Artsakh (Arzach) comes from the history of the country. In the pre-Christian Armenian Empire there was an Province of Artsakh and in the middle ages there was even an Armenian Kingdom of Artsakh.

Source: Volker Preuß, Wikipedia (D)

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